Eternal derby (Serbia)

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Eternal derby
Derby of Southeast Europa
RedStarLogo.png FK Partizan - newest logo PNG.png
City or region Serbia Belgrade, Serbia
Teams involved Red Star & Partizan
First contested 5 January 1947
Number of meetings Total: 236
Official: 182
Most player appearances Momčilo Vukotić (25)
Most recent meeting Partizan 1-0 Red Star
2014–15 Serbian SuperLiga
(18 October 2014)
Next meeting 18 April 2015 (24 round)
All-time series

Official:

Largest victory 7–1 for Partizan
(6 December 1953)

The Eternal derby (Serbian: Вечити дерби / Večiti derbi, French: Derby éternel, German: Das ewige Derby, Spanish: El Derby Eterno, Megaclássico, Italian: Derby Eterno), also called the Derby of Southeast Europe,[1] is the local derby in Belgrade, Serbia, between the most fierce city rivals Red Star Belgrade and Partizan Belgrade, two of the biggest and most popular sports societies in Serbia. The rivalry is present in a number of different sports but the most intense matches are between football, basketball and handball sections of both societies. It started immediately after the creation of the two clubs in 1945 and the two clubs have been dominant in domestic football since then.

According to a 2007 survey, Red Star and Partizan are the most popular clubs in Serbia.[2] The clubs are also the most popular ones in Montenegro and Republika Srpska, the Serb entity within Bosnia and Herzegovina.[citation needed] They also have many supporters in all other former Yugoslavian republics and in the Serbian diaspora.

In September 2009, British Daily Mail ranked the Eternal Belgrade derby 4th among the 10 greatest football rivalries of all time.[3] The highest attendance for a Red Star - Partizan match was about 108,000 spectators at the Red Star Stadium.

History[edit]

Eternal derby
Red Star
vs
Partizan

The derby replaced the pre-World War II rivalry between BSK Belgrade and SK Jugoslavija.[4] SK Jugoslavija was disbanded in 1945 and most of its property was attributed to the newly formed Red Star. BSK continued existing although changed its name a number of times being known since 1957 as OFK Beograd, and has lost its strength and its place in the derby to Partizan. Although OFK Beograd was successful, both Red Star and Partizan quickly overtook it in popularity.

The origins of Red Star and Partizan are in political institutions. Red Star was formed on 4 March 1945 by "United alliance of anti-fascist Youth", part of the new civil authority in Yugoslavia. A few months later, on 4 October 1945, Partizan was founded as the sports association of the Yugoslav People's Army. The first match between these football sections was played on 5 January 1947. Red Star won 4-3 and an intense rivalry has existed ever since. Partizan got its first win in the next derby. On 27 April 1947 Partizan won 1-0.

Over time, from the purely athletic competition for the Yugoslavian Championship became a kind of power struggle between the Interior ministry and the Ministry of Defence.[citation needed] The two clubs were dominant in the post-1945 Yugoslav First League, with Red Star having won 19, and Partizan having won 11 Yugoslav championships. The clashes of these two against Hajduk Split and Dinamo Zagreb, the third and fourth respectively in number of national titles, were similarly intense. The four clubs were known as the big 4. After the break-up of Yugoslavia in 1992, the Belgrade derby further intensified, the two clubs having since then won all national titles except one, with Partizan winning a further 14 and Red Star winning 6 by 2013.

Supporters[edit]

Main articles: Delije and Grobari
Red Star fans traditionally occupy the northern stands of both stadiums
Partizan fans traditionally occupy the southern stands of both stadiums

An important aspect of the Belgrade derby are the fans. Both sides prepare intensely between the matches, make large flags and special messages that are appropriate for that particular occasion, to be usually directed towards the opposing side.

Delije[edit]

Supporters of the various Red Star sports teams are known as Delije (Serbian Cyrillic: Делије, English: roughly translated to English as Heroes). The word Delije is plural of delija, a word of Turkish origin (deli) that entered the Serbian language during the Ottoman period, meaning brave, strong or handsome young man. The name Delije first began to be used by hardcore Red Star supporters during the late 1980s, with official inauguration taking place on 7 January 1989. Up to that point, the die-hard Red Star fans were scattered amongst 7–8 fan groups that shared the north stand at the Red Star Stadium (known colloquially as Marakana), most prominent of which were Red Devils, Zulu Warriors, and Ultras. As a sign of appreciation the club direction allowed the word Delije in block letters to be written across their stadium's north stand - the gathering point of the club's most loyal and passionate fans. They are also called Cigani (English: Gypsies) by their arch rivals Grobari, fans of Partizan. Although Delije generally consider the name Cigani to be insulting, they occasionally use this name in their own songs and chants. By 2010, Delije-Sever consist of five larger groups: Ultras RSB, Ultra Boys, Belgrade Boys, Heroes, and Brigate among others.

Grobari[edit]

Partizan's supporters, known as Grobari (Serbian Cyrillic: Гробари, English: Gravediggers or Undertakers), were formed in 1970. The origin of the nickname itself is uncertain, but an accepted theory is that it was given by their biggest rivals, the Red Star fans, referring to club's mostly black colours which were similar to the uniforms of cemetery undertakers. The other theory says that the name arrives from the Partizan's stadium street name, Humska (humka meaning "grave mound"), in actuality named after medieval land of Hum. The first groups of organized Partizan supporters began to visit the JNA stadium in the late 1950s. Partizan's participation in the 1966 European Cup Final attracted much more fans to the stadium and it is considered to be the point when the organized fans moved to the south stand of the stadium, where they gather to this day. During the 1970s the Grobari started bringing fan equipment to the stadiums such as supporting scarves, signs, banners and flares. By the 1980s the Grobari were one of the four main fan groups in SFR Yugoslavia and began touring all Partizan's matches across the country and Europe. Because of their expressed hooliganism toward other clubs' supporters in those times, fans who represented the core of the Grobari firm were often called among themselves "Riot Squad". They were best known for their English style of supporting, which was mainly based on loud and continuous singing. By 2010, the Grobari consisted of three large groups: Grobari 1970, Grobari Beograd and Južni Front.

Stadiums[edit]

Main articles: Red Star Stadium and Partizan Stadium

When Red Star Belgrade is the host, the derby is played at Red Star Stadium. Colloquially known as Marakana after the famous Brazilian stadium, it was opened in 1963. Its capacity is 55,000 spectators[5] (100,000 before UEFA regulations), the highest in the country. Red Star Stadium was the host of UEFA Euro 1976 Final, 1973 European Cup Final and 1979 UEFA Cup Final. The Delije often call it "Mara" for short, while Grobari use the insulting name "Rupa" ("The Hole").

When the host is Partizan, the derby is played at Partizan Stadium, formerly known as JNA Stadium which is still its common name. It was opened in 1949. Its capacity is 32,710 spectators[6] (55,000 before UEFA regulations). Partizan fans call it Fudbalski Hram (English: "Temple of the Football"). The Delije use the insulting name Lavor ("The Washbowl") or "Armijski pašnjak" ("Army's Meadow").

Player records[edit]

Players with most goals in Serbian derby
No. Name goals team
1 Serbia Marko Valok 13 Partizan
2 Serbia Bora Kostić 9 Crvena Zvezda
3 Serbia Dragan Džajić 9 Crvena Zvezda
4 Serbia Milan Galić 8 Partizan
5 Serbia Kosta Tomašević 8 Crvena Zvezda
Players with most appearances in Serbian derby
No. Name goals team
1 Serbia Momčilo Vukotić 25 Partizan
2 Serbia Bora Kostić 23 Crvena Zvezda
3 Serbia Saša Ilić 23 Partizan
4 Serbia Dragan Džajić 21 Crvena Zvezda

Head-to-head ranking in Yugoslav First League (1947–1992)[edit]

P. 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92
1st 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2nd 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3rd 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 3
4th 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4 4
5th 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
6th 6 6 6 6 6
7th 7
8th 8
11th 11
13th 13
15th 15

Head-to-head ranking in Serbian SuperLiga and First League of FRY(1992–present)[edit]

P. 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 13 14
1st 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
2nd 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
3rd 3 3 3

Statistics[edit]

Head to head results[edit]

Until today 147 derby games were played in the domestic league.

Red Star
wins
Draws Partizan
wins
Goal
difference
at Red Star Stadium
37
20
15
118:80
at Partizan Stadium
23
23
30
95:100
Total
60
43
45
213:180

Last ten matches[edit]

Competition Host Guest Date Result
2010/11. Partizan Red Star 23.04.2011
1:0
2011/12. Red Star Partizan 26.11.2011
0:2
Serbian Cup Red Star Partizan 21.03.2012
2:0
Serbian Cup Partizan Red Star 11.04.2012
0:2
2011/12. Partizan Red Star 05.05.2012
0:1
2012/13. Red Star Partizan 17.11.2012
3:2
2012/13. Partizan Red Star 18.05.2013
1:0
2013/14. Red Star Partizan 02.11.2013
1:0
2013/14. Partizan Red Star 26.04.2014
2:1
2014/15. Partizan Red Star 18.10.2014
1:0

Players who have played for both clubs (senior career)[edit]

Transfers between two clubs (players)[edit]

Transfers between two clubs (coaches)[edit]

Players who played for one club in youth career and for rival club in senior career[edit]

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Dušan Krajčinović (youth career Red Star, senior career Partizan)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nenad Stavrić (youth career Red Star, senior career Majdanpek, Partizan, Pelister, Radnički Niš, Rad, Radnički Beograd, Olympiakos Nicosia)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Nikola Marjanović (youth career Red Star, senior career Galenika, Rijeka, Partizan, Vojvodina, Degerforš)
  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Petar Puača (youth career with both Red Star and Partizan, senior career with Red Star)
  • Serbia Miroslav Čermelj (youth career Red Star, senior career Obilić, Partizan, Pumas UNAM, Extremadura, Atlas, Puebla, Beijing Guoan, Čukarički, Rudar Pljevlja)
  • Serbia Dragan Stevanović (youth career Partizan, senior career Voždovac, Rad, Wolfsburg, St.Pauli, again Rad, Red Star)
  • Serbia Saša Radivojević (youth career Partizan, senior career Radnički Beograd, Zeta, Pegah Gilan, Apollon Kalamarias, Red Star)
  • Serbia Goran Adamović (youth career with both Red Star and Partizan, senior career BSK Borča, Red Star, Budućnost)
  • Serbia Žarko Lazetić (youth career Red Star, senior career Obilić, Smederevo, Beograd, Bežanija, Partizan)
  • Serbia Goran Gavrančić (youth career Red Star, senior career Čukarički, Dynamo Kyiv, PAOK Thessaloniki, Partizan)
  • Serbia Jovan Krneta (youth career Partizan, senior career Teleoptik, Sopot, Red Star)
  • Serbia Ljubo Nenadić (youth career Partizan, senior career Teleoptik, Grafičar, Radnički Kragujevac, Metalac, again Radnički Kragujevac, Red Star)
  • Serbia Aleksandar Pantić (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, Red Star)
  • Serbia Milan Jokić (youth career Partizan, senior career Red Star)
  • Serbia Novak Martinović (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, BSK Borča, OFK Beograd, Smederevo, Panduri, Steaua, Wuhan, Red Star)
  • Serbia Filip Kljajić (youth career Red Star, senior career Hajduk Beograd, Šumadija Jagnjilo, Metalac, Rad, Partizan)
  • Serbia Nikola Antić (youth career Partizan, senior career Rad, Palić, again Rad, Red Star)

Played for one club and coached the rival club[edit]

  • Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Petar Ćosić (senior career Red Star, Izmir as player, Crvenka, Budućnost Valjevo, BASK Beograd, national team of Jordan, young national selection of Yugoslavia, young selection of Partizan, Teleoptik as coach)
  • Serbia Ratko Dostanić (youth career Partizan as player, through Obilić, Smederevo, Slavia Sofia, Red Star, again Slavia Sofia, OFK Belgrade, Bežanija, Veria, Dalian, Vardar, Srem, Levski Sofia, again Red Star as coach)

Players who have played for both clubs (youth career)[edit]

Players who have played in Eternal derby for both clubs (league and cup matches)[edit]

Players who have scored in Eternal derby for both clubs (championship and cup matches)[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Basketball rivalry[edit]

Eternal Belgrade derby
Belgrade derby
KK Partizan Logo.PNG, Logo czvezda.jpg
City or region Serbia Belgrade, Serbia
Teams involved Partizan & Red Star
Number of meetings 232 (196 championship matches (137 + 59 Play-off), 13 cup matches and 23 ABA League matches)

KK Red Star Belgrade was the winner of the European Cup Winner's Cup in 1974. The club has also won 15 national championships (the last was won in 1998) and 7 national cups.

KK Partizan was the European champion in 1992. They also won 3 Radivoj Korać Cups and 6 regional NLB League competitions. KK Partizan is the holder of 21 national championship titles. They have also won 13 national basketball cups and 1 triple crown in 1992.

Pionir Hall[edit]

Main article: Pionir Hall

The Pionir Hall is a sports arena in Belgrade located in the Belgrade's municipality of Palilula. The capacity of the arena is 7,800 seats. It is home terrain for both rivals. During derbies Grobari are on the east stand of the hall while Delije are concentrated on the west stand. Recently, because of frequent violent clashes between two groups, the clubs have stopped selling derby match tickets.[citation needed]

Statistics[edit]

Competition Played PAR D CZ
Championship 137 71 5 61
Play-off 59 41 - 18
Cup 13 5 - 8
Adriatic League 23 15 - 8
Total 232 132 5 95
Played: Played matches
CZ: Red Star wins
PAR: Partizan wins
D: Draw

Players who have played for both clubs (senior career)[edit]

Players who have played for one club in youth career and for rival club in senior career[edit]

Played for one club and coached the rival club[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Asisstant coaches who worked at both clubs[edit]

Coaches who worked at both clubs (youth career)[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Da nema Rumuna, Srbi bi bili gospodari regiona" (in Serbian). The Sportal. 14 January 2013. 
  2. ^ "Pola Srbije za Crvenu zvezdu!" (in Serbian). Večernje Novosti. 27 February 2008. Retrieved 2010-12-06. 
  3. ^ THE LIST: The greatest rivalries in club football, Nos 10–1
  4. ^ Bojanic, Zivko (2007). BSK - Jugoslavija the first eternal derby. ISBN 9788685627071. Retrieved 12 March 2011. 
  5. ^ Stadion at Red Star official website.
  6. ^ Stadion at Partizan official website.

External links[edit]