Ethanolic extract of mango peel
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The ethanolic extract of mango peel (EEMP) is a product obtained from mango peel. Mango, or Mangifera indica, is a tropical and subtropical grown fruit popular for its vibrant color, unique taste, and nutrient content. Mango peel is 15-20% of the overall mass of mango fruit.
Phytochemicals and research
Mango peel contains numerous phytochemicals, consisting of more polyphenols than does mango flesh. Upon extraction of raw and ripened mango peel, compounds displayed significant antioxidant and antiproliferative activities associated with its total phenolic and flavonoid composition. Extracts having antioxidant properties in vitro were polyphenols, anthocyanins and carotenoids. EEMP also contains quercetin 3-O-galactoside, mangiferin gallate, isomangiferin gallate, quercetin-3-O-arabinopyranoside, and mangiferin as well as unsaturated fatty acids oleic acid, linoleic acid, and ethyl linoleate according to studies using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry.
In other laboratory tests, mango peel extracts produced apoptosis of human cervical malignant HeLa cells. When the same concentration of the extracts were applied to healthy lung fibroblasts, no apoptotic effects were seen. Mango flesh was also tested for the same properties with lower effects shown.
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