Etheostoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Etheostoma
Etheostoma swaini.jpg
Gulf darter (E. swaini)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Family: Percidae
Genus: Etheostoma
Rafinesque, 1819
Type species
Etheostoma blennioides
Rafinesque, 1819
Synonyms
  • Diplesion Rafinesque, 1820
  • Boleosoma DeKay, 1842
  • Poecilosoma Agassiz, 1850 (Pre-occupied)
  • Catonotus Agassiz, 1854
  • Hyostoma Agassiz, 1854
  • Poecilichthys Agassiz, 1854
  • Arlina Girard, 1859
  • Boleichthys Girard, 1859
  • Estrella Girard, 1859
  • Oligocephalus Girard, 1859
  • Hololepis Putnam, 1863
  • Microperca Putnam, 1863
  • Astatichthys Vaillant, 1873
  • Nanostoma Putnam, 1877
  • Ioa D. S. Jordan & Brayton, 1878
  • Ulocentra D. S. Jordan, 1878
  • Vaillantia D. S. Jordan, 1878
  • Rhothoeca D. S. Jordan, 1885
  • Claricola D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Copelandellus D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Nivicola D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896 (Pre-occupied)
  • Psychromaster D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Rafinesquiellus D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Torrentaria D. S. Jordan & Evermann, 1896
  • Richia Coker, 1926 (Pre-occupied)
  • Richiella Coker, 1927
  • Doration D. S. Jordan, 1929
  • Villora C. L. Hubbs & Cannon, 1935
  • Austroperca C. L. Hubbs, 1936
  • Belophlox Fowler, 1947
  • Litocara R. M. Bailey, 1948
  • Niviperca Whitley, 1951
  • Allohistium R. M. Bailey, 1955
  • Fuscatelum Page, 1981
  • Ozarka J. D. Williams & H. W. Robison, 1981

Etheostoma is a large genus of small freshwater fish in the family Percidae native to North America. Most are restricted to the United States, but there are also species in Canada and Mexico.[1] They are commonly known as darters although the term "darter" is shared by several other genera. Many can produce Schreckstoff substances[2] that serve to warn nearby fish in case of an attack.

Species[edit]

There are currently 156 recognized species in this genus:[1]

Snubnose darter, E. simoterum

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2014). Species of Etheostoma in FishBase. February 2014 version.
  2. ^ Smith, R. J. F. (1992). Alarm signals in fishes. Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries 2:33-63.