Ethiopid race

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Ethiopid (also known as Aethiopid, Eastern Hamite or Erythriote) is an historical racial classification of humans.

Origin, distribution and physiognomy[edit]

Ethiopid man from the Horn of Africa, the center of Ethiopid distribution.

Ethiopids were typically classified as a Europid sub-race, with some Negrid admixture. In their stable form, their center of distribution was considered to be Northeast Africa/Horn of Africa, among that region's Hamito-Semitic-speaking populations.[1][2]

Physically, the classic Ethiopid was of medium height, with a dolicocephalic or mesocephalic skull (see Cephalic index). Facial form was essentially Europid, with no prognathism and a rather prominent, narrow nose. Hair form was often ringlety and skin color invariably brown, with either a reddish or blackish tinge. It is not certain which Europid sub-race formed the basis of this stock, but authorities often suggested Mediterranid (or Proto-Mediterranid) and/or Orientalid (Arabid) ancestors.[1][2]

Ethiopid influence on Negrid populations[edit]

Outside of their core area of distribution in Northeast Africa, Ethiopid elements could be found in the aristocratic or ruling classes of certain pastoralist Negrid tribes of Southeast Africa. Such Negrid-Ethiopid hybridization produced mixed populations referred to in the anthropological literature as Nilo-Hamites when the admixed Negrid tribe was of Nilotic origin (such as the Maasai).[1] During the colonial period, European expatriates in Rwanda considered the Tutsi, in particular, to be representative of these later Negrid-Ethiopid hybrid populations, and thus to be superior to the "pure" neighboring Hutu and Twa Negrids. This idea became popular among the Tutsi as well, who profited politically from it.[3]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Baker, ch. 13.
  2. ^ a b The Races of Europe - The Mediterranean Race in East Africa
  3. ^ "The Transformation of "Hutu" and "Tutsi"". Leave None to Tell the Story:Genocide in Rwanda. Human Rights Watch. March 1999. Retrieved 24 May 2010.