Demographics of Iraq

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Further information: Iraqi people

This article is about the demographic features of the population of Iraq, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population.

The 2009 IMF population estimate of Iraq is 31,234,000.[1]

Background[edit]

See also: History of Iraq

Iraq is the region known outside the Islamic world as Mesopotamia, the population estimate in 1920 was 3 million. The ruins of Ur, Babylon, and other ancient cities are situated in Iraq, as is the legendary location of the Garden of Eden. Almost 75% of Iraq's population lives in the flat, alluvial plain stretching southeast from Tikrit to the Persian Gulf. The Tigris and the Euphrates carry about 70 million cubic meters of silt annually from this plain down to the delta. The water from these two great rivers, and the fertility of the soil in the alluvial plain and the delta allowed early agriculture to sustain a stable population as far back as the 7th millennium BC.

Population[edit]

31,234,000.[1] (April 2009 IMF est.)

Vital statistics[edit]

UN estimates[2][edit]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR1 CDR1 NC1 TFR1 IMR1
1950-1955 327 000 158 000 169 000 53.2 25.8 27.5 7.30 197.6
1955-1960 297 000 133 000 164 000 42.6 19.1 23.5 6.20 152.9
1960-1965 343 000 122 000 221 000 43.3 15.4 27.9 6.60 120.7
1965-1970 430 000 121 000 309 000 46.5 13.1 33.4 7.40 96.0
1970-1975 475 000 121 000 354 000 43.6 11.1 32.5 7.15 76.4
1975-1980 526 000 124 000 402 000 41.2 9.8 31.5 6.80 60.4
1980-1985 571 000 185 000 387 000 39.1 12.6 26.5 6.35 48.9
1985-1990 638 000 132 000 505 000 38.8 8.0 30.8 6.15 41.8
1990-1995 719 000 105 000 614 000 38.2 5.6 32.6 5.80 43.4
1995-2000 836 000 119 000 717 000 37.9 5.4 32.5 5.40 38.1
2000-2005 960 000 144 000 816 000 37.5 5.6 31.9 5.12 35.9
2005-2010 1 079 000 187 000 892 000 36.6 6.3 30.2 4.86 34.6
1 CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births

Fertility ages average in 1997-2006 [3][edit]

Age groups 1997 2006
15-19 56,2 68
20-24 210 187
25-29 276,2 221
30-34 257,9 188
35-39 196,5 136
40-44 101,4 56
45-49 31 9
Total 1128,2 865

Ethnic groups[edit]

Ethnic and religious groups in Iraq
  Shia Arabs
  Sunni Arabs
  Kurds
  Assyrians
  Yazidis
  Turkmen

Iraq's dominant ethnic group are the Iraqi or Mesopotamian Arabs, who account for around three-quarters of the population. They are a fusion of old Mesopotamian, Arabian, Iranian, and other populations, who now speak Mesopotamian Arabic.

Iraqi Arabs (including Palestinians, Marsh Arabs and other Arab subgroups) 74%, Kurds (including Yazidis and Shabaks) 21%, Turkmen 4%, Assyrians 2%, other 1% (Armenians, Circassians, Persians, and Mandaeans).[4]

Languages[edit]

Arabic is the official language of Iraq, and is spoken or understood by almost all the population.

Kurdish is the largest minority language, and has regional language status in Iraqi Kurdistan. Aramaic, once spoken by the whole country, is now only spoken by the Assyrian minority.

Azerbaijani is spoken in pockets of northern Iraq, and Persian is spoken in pockets of southern Iraq. Numerous languages of the Caucasus are also spoken by minorities across the country.

Religions[edit]

Islam 99% (Shi'a 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christianity 0.8%, Mandaeism and other less than 1%. note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam Hussein regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon (2010 est.)[5] The percentage of Christians has fallen from 6% in 1991, due to massive exodus - two-thirds of Assyrian Christians have fled to other countries in the Middle East, Europe, the USA and Canada.

Demographic statistics[edit]

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age structure[edit]

0-14 years: 37.6% (male 5,959,562/ female 5,751,970)
15-64 years: 59.3% (male 9,355,176/ female 9,094,953)
65 years and over: 3% (male 376,700; female 423,295) (2006 est.)

Median age[edit]

total: 21.3 years
male: 21.2 years
female: 21.4 years (2013 est.)

Population growth rate[edit]

2.29% (2013 est.)

Crude birth rate[edit]

27.51 births/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Crude death rate[edit]

4.65 deaths/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

3.58 children born/woman (2012 est.)

Net migration rate[edit]

0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2013 est.)

Urbanization[edit]

urban population: 66.5% of total population (2011)
rate of urbanization: 3.05% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)

Sex ratio[edit]

at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.87 male(s)/female
total population: 1.03 male(s)/female (2011 est.)

Maternal mortality rate[edit]

63 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)

Infant mortality rate[edit]

38.86 deaths/1,000 live births (2010)

Life expectancy at birth[edit]

total population: 68 years
male: 69.67 years
female: 72.67 years (2013 est.)

Total fertility rate[edit]

3.5 children born/woman (2013 est.)

Contraceptive prevalence rate[edit]

51.2% (2011)

Health expenditures[edit]

8.4% of GDP (2011)

Physicians density[edit]

0.69 physicians/1,000 population (2009)

Hospital bed density[edit]

1.3 beds/1,000 population (2010)

Obesity - adult prevalence rate[edit]

27% (2008)

Children under the age of 5 years underweight[edit]

7.1% (2006)

Nationality[edit]

noun: Iraqi(s)
adjective: Iraqi

Literacy[edit]

definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 78.2%
male: 86%
female: 70.6% (2010 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Iraq". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 2009-04-27. 
  2. ^ World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision
  3. ^ http://cosit.gov.iq/en/population-manpower-staatistics/life
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ "IRAQ The World Factbook". https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/iz.html. 

External links[edit]