Ethyl gallate

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Ethyl gallate[1]
Ethyl gallate.png
Identifiers
CAS number 831-61-8 YesY
PubChem 13250
ChEMBL CHEMBL453196 N
RTECS number LW7700000
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C9H10O5
Molar mass 198.17 g/mol
Melting point 149–153 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

Ethyl gallate is a food additive with E number E313. It is the ethyl ester of gallic acid. Ethyl gallate is added to food as an antioxidant.

Though found naturally in a variety of plant sources including walnuts[2] Terminalia myriocarpa[3] or chebulic myrobolan (Terminalia chebula).[4]

Ethyl gallate is produced from gallic acid and ethanol.[5] It can be found in wine.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ethyl gallate at Sigma-Aldrich
  2. ^ Zijia Zhanga, Liping Liaoc, Jeffrey Moored, Tao Wua, and Zhengtao Wanga (2009). "Antioxidant phenolic compounds from walnut kernels (Juglans regia L.)". Food Chemistry 113 (1): 160–165. doi:10.1016/j.foodchem.2008.07.061. 
  3. ^ Pharmacologically Active Ellagitannins from Terminalia myriocarpa. Mohamed S.A. Marzouk, Sayed A.A. El-Toumy, Fatma A. Moharram, Nagwa M.M. Shalaby and Amany A.E. Ahmed, Planta Med, 2002, 68(6), pages 523-527, doi:10.1055/s-2002-32549
  4. ^ http://www.toddcaldecott.com/index.php/herbs/learning-herbs/361-haritaki
  5. ^ Enzymic synthesis of gallic acid esters. Weetall, Howard Hayyim. Eur. Pat. 137601 (1985)
  6. ^ Simultaneous Determination of Nonanthocyanin Phenolic Compounds in Red Wines by HPLC-DAD/ESI-MS. María Monagas, Rafael Suárez, Carmen Gómez-Cordovés and Begoña Bartolomé, AJEV, June 2005, vol. 56, no. 2, pages 139-147