Ethyl nitrite

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ethyl nitrite
Ethyl-nitrite-2D-skeletal.png Ethyl nitrite 3d structure.png
Identifiers
PubChem 8026
ChemSpider 7735 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Properties
Molecular formula C2H5NO2
Molar mass 75.07 g mol−1
Boiling point 17 °C (63 °F; 290 K)
Hazards
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressure and temperature, or is readily dispersed in air and will burn readily. Flash point below 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propane Health code 4: Very short exposure could cause death or major residual injury. E.g., VX gas Reactivity code 4: Readily capable of detonation or explosive decomposition at normal temperatures and pressures. E.g., nitroglycerin Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
 YesY (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Infobox references

The chemical compound ethyl nitrite is an alkyl nitrite. It may be prepared from ethanol.[1]

Preparation of ethyl nitrite.png

Ethyl nitrite is the main ingredient in a traditional ethanol-based South African remedy for colds and flu known as Witdulsies and sold in pharmacies. It is known as a traditional Afrikaans remedy and may have Dutch roots, as the same remedy is apparently made by the Germano-Dutch Amish people in the USA. However FDA has blocked over-the-counter sales of this same remedy, known in the USA as sweet nitrite or sweet spirit of nitre since 1980.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Semon, W. L.; Damerell, V. R. (1943), "Dimethylglyoxime", Org. Synth. ; Coll. Vol. 2: 204 
  2. ^ http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DevelopmentApprovalProcess/DevelopmentResources/Over-the-CounterOTCDrugs/StatusofOTCRulemakings/ucm072140.htm

External links[edit]