Ethyl propionate

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Ethyl propionate
Skeletal formula of Ethyl Propionate
CAS number 105-37-3
PubChem 7749
ChemSpider 7463
EC number 203-291-4
UN number N119
RTECS number UF3675000
Beilstein Reference 506287
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C5H10O2
Molar mass 102.1317 g/mol
Appearance Colourless Liquid
Density 0.884325 g/cm3
Melting point -73.6 °C
Boiling point 98.9 °C
MSDS [1]
R-phrases R10, R18, R36/37/38
NFPA 704
Flammability code 2: Must be moderately heated or exposed to relatively high ambient temperature before ignition can occur. Flash point between 38 and 93 °C (100 and 200 °F). E.g., diesel fuel Health code 2: Intense or continued but not chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroform Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Flash point 12 °C (54 °F; 285 K)
Explosive limits 1.9-11 %
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Ethyl propionate is a compound with formula C2H5(C2H5COO). It is the ethyl ester of propionic acid. It has a pineapple-like odor.[2] Some fruits like kiwis[3] and strawberries[4] naturally contain ethyl propionate in small amounts.


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  3. ^ Bartley, J. P.; Schwede, A. M. (1989). "Production of volatile compounds in ripening kiwi fruit (Actinidia chinensis)". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 37 (4): 1023. doi:10.1021/jf00088a046.  edit
  4. ^ Perez, A. G.; Rios, J. J.; Sanz, C.; Olias, J. M. (1992). "Aroma components and free amino acids in strawberry variety Chandler during ripening". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 40 (11): 2232. doi:10.1021/jf00023a036.  edit