Étienne-Barthélémy Garnier (24 August 1759 - 16 November 1849) was a French painter of historical subjects.
Born in Paris, he studied art under Joseph-Marie Vien. He received second prize in the Prix de Rome of 1787 and first in 1788 with a painting on the subject The Death of Tatius, beating Louis Girodet. He lived in Rome until 1793.
He was elected member of the Academy of Fine Arts in 1816. He exhibited a large number of History Paintings on classical and religious themes in the neo-classical manner. His painting Éponine et Sabinus, 1810, was exhibited at the 1810 Salon and again in 1814, when it was acquired by Louis XVIII. In 1824 he delivered the eulogy at the funeral of Girodet.
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- French painting 1774-1830: the age of revolution, Detroit Institute of Arts, Wayne State University Press, 1975, p. 407.
- Eugène Ernest Desplaces et al. eds., Biographie universelle (Michaud) ancienne et moderne, Desplaces, 1856, p.595.
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