Étienne de Boré

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Étienne de Boré
Etienne de Boré.gif
1st Mayor of New Orleans, Louisiana
In office
November 30, 1803 – May 26, 1804
Succeeded by James Pitot
Personal details
Born (1740-12-27)December 27, 1740
Kaskaskia, Illinois
Died February 1, 1820(1820-02-01) (aged 79)
New Orleans, Louisiana
Spouse(s) Marie Marguerite d'Estrehan

Étienne de Boré (27 December 1741 – 1 February 1820) was a French planter who was known for producing the first granulated sugar in Spanish Louisiana, and essentially making sugar cane profitable as a commodity crop. He was prominent there at the time of the Louisiana Purchase; in 1803 the American governor of the territory appointed him the first Mayor of New Orleans in the United States administration.

Early life and education[edit]

He was born to French colonists in Kaskaskia, Illinois, then under French control as part of La Louisiane. His parents sent him to France to be educated. He spent most of his life there. On leaving school he entered French military service in the Musketeers of the Guard, which was part of the royal household and very prestigious.

After a visit to Louisiana on business, he was transferred to the cavalry. Boré left the army with the rank of captain.

Marriage and family[edit]

He married Marie Marguerite d'Estrehan, from one of the most prominent families of colonial Louisiana. Her father Jean Baptiste d'Estrehan was the Royal Treasurer of French Louisiana and worked from Paris.


Boré owned a great plantation a few miles above the City of New Orleans on the Mississippi River. There he had originally cultivated indigo. But when this product lost its market as a result of competition from Guatemala, he converted his fields to sugar cane. On his plantation, he set up a sugar mill. In 1795, with the aid of two Cubans, Mendez and Lopez, he produced the first granulated sugar known in the colony. This created a huge demand for the cultivation and processing of sugar cane. Responding to the worldwide demand for sugar, it became the colony's primary commodity crop. Louisiana began to generate profits.

After the United States made the Louisiana Purchase, Boré was appointed in 1803 the first mayor of New Orleans by the United States Governor of the Louisiana Territory, William C. C. Claiborne. He resigned the following year to look after his personal affairs.

He died at around eighty years old and is buried in New Orleans' Saint Louis Cemetery No. 1. One of his grandsons, Charles Gayarré, became a noted historian of Louisiana later in the 19th century.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Mayor of New Orleans
November 30, 1803 – May 26, 1804
Succeeded by
James Pitot