Etowah County, Alabama
|Etowah County, Alabama|
Etowah County courthouse in Gadsden
Location in the state of Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
|Founded||December 7, 1866|
548.75 sq mi (1,421 km²)
534.82 sq mi (1,385 km²)
13.93 sq mi (36 km²), 2.54%
194/sq mi (75/km²)
|Time zone||Central: UTC-6/-5|
Etowah County is a county of the U.S. state of Alabama. Its name is from the Cherokee language, which means "edible tree". It is the center of the Gadsden Metropolitan Area which includes Etowah and Cherokee Counties. As of the 2010 census the population was 104,430. Its county seat is Gadsden. In total area, it is the smallest county in Alabama.
Etowah was originally the southern part of DeKalb County, Alabama. However Baine County was established on December 7, 1866, named for General David W. Baine of the Confederate Army, with its county seat at Gadsden. On December 1, 1868 the county was abolished and Etowah County was created from the same territory.
An F4 tornado struck here on Palm Sunday March 27, 1994. It destroyed Piedmont's Goshen United Methodist Church twelve minutes after the National Weather Service of Birmingham issued a tornado warning for northern Calhoun, southeastern Etowah, and southern Cherokee.
According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 548.75 square miles (1,421.3 km2), of which 534.82 square miles (1,385.2 km2) (or 97.46%) is land and 13.93 square miles (36.1 km2) (or 2.54%) is water.
Major highways 
- Interstate 59
- Interstate 759
- U.S. Highway 11
- U.S. Highway 278
- U.S. Highway 411
- U.S. Highway 431
- State Route 77
- State Route 132
- State Route 291
- State Route 759
- Alabama and Tennessee River Railway
- Norfolk Southern Railway
- Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railway (Defunct)
Adjacent counties 
- DeKalb County, Alabama - north
- Cherokee County, Alabama - east
- Calhoun County, Alabama - southeast
- St. Clair County, Alabama - southwest
- Blount County, Alabama - west
- Marshall County, Alabama - northwest
As of the census of 2000, there were 103,459 people, 41,615 households, and 29,463 families residing in the county. The population density was 193 people per square mile (75/km2). There were 45,959 housing units at an average density of 86 per square mile (33/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 82.87% White, 14.68% Black or African American, 0.33% Native American, 0.42% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.73% from other races, and 0.93% from two or more races. 1.70% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 41,615 households out of which 29.90% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.20% were married couples living together, 13.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.20% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.93.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.80% under the age of 18, 8.70% from 18 to 24, 27.40% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 16.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 91.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $31,170, and the median income for a family was $38,697. Males had a median income of $31,610 versus $21,346 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,783. About 12.30% of families and 15.70% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.60% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those age 65 or over.
Cities and towns 
- Altoona (part of Altoona is in Blount County)
- Boaz (part of Boaz is in Marshall County)
- Gallant (unincorporated)
- Glencoe (part of Glencoe is in Calhoun County)
- Hokes Bluff
- Ohatchee (part of Ohatchee is in Calhoun County)
- Rainbow City
- Reece City
- Sardis City
- Walnut Grove
See also 
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Etowah County, Alabama
- Properties on the Alabama Register of Landmarks and Heritage in Etowah County, Alabama
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 12 May 2012.
- "Alabama Counties: Etowah County". Alabama Department of Archives and History. Montgomery, AL: Alabama Department of Archives and History. 2011-10-25. Retrieved 2012-04-30.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
||Marshall County||DeKalb County|
|Blount County||Cherokee County|
|St. Clair County||Calhoun County|