||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2010)|
|• Mayor||Jean-Paul Schaaf|
|• Total||15.18 km2 (5.86 sq mi)|
|Area rank||82nd of 116|
|Highest elevation||382 m (1,253 ft)|
|• Rank||78th of 116|
|Lowest elevation||192 m (630 ft)|
|• Rank||26th of 116|
|• Rank||11th of 116|
|• Density||510/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||14th of 116|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Ettelbruck (Luxembourgish: Ettelbréck, German: Ettelbrück) is a commune with city status in central Luxembourg, with a population of approximately 7,500. As of 2005, the town of Ettelbruck itself, which lies in the east of the commune, has a population of 6,191. The town of Warken and Grentzingen are also within the commune. Until 1850, both Erpeldange and Schieren were part of the Ettelbruck commune as well, but both towns were detached from Ettelbruck by law on 1 July 1850.
Ettelbruck is one of the 12 communes of the canton of Diekirch, which is part of the district of Diekirch. Governmentally, the Ettelbruck communal council (French: Conseil communal de Ettelbruck) serves as the commune's local council. The council consists of thirteen members, elected every six years.
Origin of Name
Ettelbruck's name dates back to the invasion of the Low Countries by Attila the Hun in 451 AD. Attila and his army built a bridge (a "Bruck") and crossed the Alzette river near Schieren. The local language variant of Attila's name was "Ettel" so the bridge became known as the location of Attila's bridge, or "Ettelbruck."
Ettelbruck lies at the exact spot where three rivers meet: the Sauer, the Wark and the Alzette. This location has historically made Ettelbruck a major transportation hub for the country second only to Luxembourg City.
Ettelbruck serves as a junction, where the line to Diekirch branches off the main line Luxembourg - Liège. state-owned railway company. The station is on Line 10, which connects Luxembourg City to central and northern Luxembourg towards Gouvy and Wiltz, with a branch line connecting to Diekirch.
The A7 Motorway, known as the Motorway of the North, runs through Ettelbruck.
Educational and Medical Facilities
Ettelbruck is an educational center for the north of the country. It is home to the St. Anne Girls' Boarding School (founded in 1852) and the State Agricultural School (founded in 1883). Ettelbruck is also the location of the vocational school of Lycée Technique Ettelbruck.
Ettelbruck is also a medical center for northern Luxembourg, as it is home to the Central Hospice (founded in 1855) which is now the location of the Ettelbruck Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital (in French, CHNP = Centre Hospitalier Neuro-Psychiatrique) with approximately 500 beds. Lucien Wercollier's marble sculpture La Vague ("The Wave") is located in Ettelbruck on the grounds of the CHNP.
The New Saint Louis Hospital (French: Nouvel Hôpital St Louis) was renovated and reopened as a state of the art medical facility in 2003 on the site of the earlier Charles Marx Clinic and Saint Louis Clinic. The original clinic was founded by Dr. Charles Marx in 1936. The Saint Louis Clinic became a point of resistance preceding the Nazi occupation, when its founder Charles Marx treated downed French airmen (including the future general Marcel-Pierre Faure) in April, 1940. Following the occupation of Luxembourg, Marx fled to France. Following the Nazi occupation, Marx was arrested and jailed for treating the airmen. In 1946, following liberation and Marx's accidental death in that year, the clinic was renamed as the Charles Marx Clinic to honor him. In 1963, the clinic was renamed the New Saint Louis Clinic when it was revamped and modernized, becoming the New Saint Louis Hospital in 2003.
World War II Occupation and Liberation
Nazi Germany occupied Ettelbruck on May 10, 1940.
US forces first liberated the town on September 11, 1944, but Germany retook the town on December 16, 1944 during the Battle of the Bulge. US General George S. Patton on Christmas Day, December 25, 1944 led US troops in the final liberation of Ettelbruck from Nazi occupation. One of Ettelbruck's main squares is named Patton Square, and is located at the exact spot where the German offensive into Luxembourg's Alzette Valley was stopped, ending its attempt to reoccupy the country as a whole. Since 1954, the town has held a Remembrance Day celebration each July honoring General Patton and the US, British, French, Belgian and Luxembourgish troops who fought with him there.
The General George S. Patton Memorial Museum in Ettelbruck honors the general who liberated the town. The museum exhibits photographs, uniforms (both military and prison camp), weapons and documents from the period of German occupation of Luxembourg (May 1940 to September 1944). The museum was opened on July 7, 1995, and represents a main tourist attraction in the town.
The Ettelbruck parish church—D' Kierch Ettelbréck—is a decagonal structure. Restored in 1849, the church contains tombstones dating as far back to the 15th century.
Ons Heemecht ("Our Homeland"), the national anthem of Luxembourg, was first sung publicly in Ettelbruck on June 5, 1864. Both the Alzette and Sauer rivers are named in the song, and since Ettelbruck is located at the point where they both meet, the location was appropriate for its public introduction.
- François Diederich, chemist
- Charles Goerens former Luxembourg cabinet member and member of the European Parliament from 1982 to 1984, and again from 1994 to 1999.
- Pierre Joris (born in Strasbourg, France, raised in Ettelbruck), poet and translator
- Charles Marx, physician and WWII resistance leader
- Monique Melsen, singer
- Bady Minck, filmmaker
- Ernest Mühlen, politician and representative to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (1991–1996).
- Marco Schank, politician and author
- Lucien Weiler, politician
- Ni Xialian, table tennis player
- Luc Holtz, Luxembourg football Team's coach
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ettelbruck.|
- http://www.ettelbruck.lu/fr/accueil In French
- The short film STAFF FILM REPORT 66-28A (1966) is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]