Etuta

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Etuta
Queen Etuta
Reign ca. 169 BC - 168 BC
Spouse Gentius
Father Monunius II of Dardania
Died Italy

Etuta (ruled 169 – 168 BC) was an Illyrian queen of the Ardiaean Kingdom. Etuta was a Dardanian princess of the Dardanian State and daughter of Monunius II of Dardania.[1] Etuta married Gentius in 169 BC.

Etuta was earlier engaged to Gentius' brother, Plator, whom Gentius treacherously killed. The intentions of Gentius was to secure the inheritance of the Ardiaean throne, but also because Gentius envied his brother because he was going to take Etuta.[2] However, the marriage does not seem to have secured an Ardiaean–Dardanian alliance and as a result Gentius allied himself with Perseus the enemy of his father-in-law.[3][4] After the defeat of Gentius in 168 BC, Etuta along with other important Illyrians were taken to Italy. Etuta and the royal family were sent to Spoletum, to be kept under observation. The inhabitants of Spoletum refused to keep the royal family under watch, so they were transferred to Iguvium. Etuta remained there until she died.

Etuta is also known as Etleuta and Etleva.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rome's Mediterranean Empire Book 41-45 and the Periochae Livy, Jane D. Chaplin, ISBN 0-19-283340-5, 2007, page 147, "...to Etleua, a daughter of Monunius..."
  2. ^ Livy (XLIV, 30,3)
  3. ^ The Illyrians by J. J. Wilkes, 1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 85, "... Longarus, Bato and Monunius, whose daughter Etuta was married to the Illyrian king Gentius, are all Illyrian.
  4. ^ The Illyrians by J. J. Wilkes,1992, ISBN 0-631-19807-5, page 172, "...Roman allies in the previous war against Macedonia. In 169 BC there was a report that Gentius had his brother Plator killed because his plan to marry Etuta..."

Sources[edit]