Eucalyptus capitellata

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Brown Stringybark
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. capitellata
Binomial name
Eucalyptus capitellata
Sm.

Eucalyptus capitellata, commonly known as Brown Stringybark,[1] is a tree native to New South Wales, Australia.

Description[edit]

It grows as a tree up to 25 metres tall, with stringy red-brown bark, 10–17 centimetre long green leaves, and white or cream flowers clustered in inflorescences of from seven to 13 flowers.

Taxonomy[edit]

Although this plate from John White's Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales nominally shows E. piperita, the leftmost image in fact shows fruit of E. capitellata.

Specimens of E. capitellata were first collected by First Fleet surgeon and naturalist John White. An image of the fruit of this species was published by James Edward Smith's 1790 Journal of a Voyage to New South Wales, but incorrectly ascribed to E. piperita. E. capitellata was eventually published by Smith in his 1793 A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland.[2]

The species' taxonomy has remained fairly clear. In 1790, George Bentham published a putative variety, E. capitellata var. latifolia, but this is now considered a synonym of E. baxteri. Other than the resultant autonym E. capitellata var. capitellata, the species itself has no taxonomic synonyms, although E. prominula, now considered a synonym of E. youmanii, was ascribed to E. capitellata between 1991 and 1999. A hybrid of this species with E. piperita is thought to be the basis for the name E. pseudo-piperita.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

It is endemic to New South Wales.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Australian Plant Common Name Database". Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 2007-07-15. 
  2. ^ Smith, James Edward (1793). A Specimen of the Botany of New Holland. London: James Sowerby. 
  3. ^ "Eucalyptus capitellata Sm.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government.