Eucalyptus crebra

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Eucalyptus crebra
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. crebra
Binomial name
Eucalyptus crebra
F. Muell.
Synonyms

Eucalyptus drepanophylla F.Muell. ex Benth.

Eucalyptus crebra, commonly known as the Narrow-leaved ironbark or Narrowleaf red ironbark, is a type of Ironbark tree native to eastern Australia. A member of the large genus Eucalyptus, this tree is in the Myrtaceae family and can grow to a large spreading tree up to 35 m (100 ft) high. It is an important source of nectar in the honey industry and its hard, strong timber is used in construction.

Taxonomy[edit]

The Narrow-leaved ironbark was originally described by Victoria state botanist Ferdinand von Mueller in 1859.[1] The specific epithet is the Latin adjective crebra "crowded" or "close together".[2] Within the genus Eucalyptus, it belongs in the subgenus Symphyomyrtus.

Description[edit]

This plant is a large spreading tree, which may reach 35 m (100 ft) in height. The rough furrowed bark is grey mottled with yellow and orange. The narrow lanceolate leaves are a uniform greyish-green in colour and measure 7–15 cm (2.8-6 in) in length by 0.9–1.7 cm (0.4-0.6 in) wide. The small white flowers appear from late autumn to spring, and are followed by small pods.[3]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Narrow-leaved ironbark is found in eastern Australia, from Picton southwest of Sydney north through New South Wales and Queensland to the vicinity of Cairns.[2] It grows on sandier soils.[4] The narrow-leaved ironbark is one of the key canopy species of the threatened Cumberland Plain Woodlands.[5]

Ecology[edit]

Koalas can consume the leaves, and the flowers are pollinated mainly by insects. The southern or shady side of the trunk is habitat for lichens.

Uses[edit]

The tree has a hard, strong, and dark red timber, which has been used for sleepers and construction.[2] A plank has been recorded as being used for Elizabeth Farm, Australia's oldest surviving European dwelling.[6] It is used as a shade tree or to line roadways, and is also available as a cultivar. It is useful in honey production as the flowers are heavy in nectar and pollen;[2] the resulting honey produced by bees is light-coloured and delicately flavoured.[7]


Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Eucalyptus crebra F.Muell.". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government. 
  2. ^ a b c d Elliot, Rodger W. & Jones, David L. (1986). "Eu-Go". In Elliot, Rodger W. & Jones, David L. Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants suitable for cultivation 4. Lothian Publishing. pp. 66–67. ISBN 0-85091-213-X. 
  3. ^ Botanic Gardens Trust. "Eucalyptus crebra". Royal Botanic Gardens website. Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  4. ^ Hill, Ken (1999). "Eucalyptus crebra F.Muell.". PlantNet - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  5. ^ Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (20 June 2011). "Cumberland Plain Woodlands". Australian Government. Retrieved 7 September 2011. 
  6. ^ D'Hub (Design Hub). "D6911 Timber specimen (plank), Ironbark (Eucalyptus crebra), used in the building of stables at Elizabeth Farm, Rose Hill, New South Wales, Australia, 1793". D'hub - Your online design resource. Powerhouse Museum, Sydney. Retrieved 2009-06-24. 
  7. ^ Capilano Honey (2006). "Floral Varieties". Capilano Honey. Capilano Honey. Retrieved 2009-06-24. [dead link]

External links[edit]