Eucalyptus olida

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Eucalyptus olida
Eucalyptus olida woodland1.JPG
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Myrtales
Family: Myrtaceae
Genus: Eucalyptus
Species: E. olida
Binomial name
Eucalyptus olida
L.A.S.Johnson & K.D. Hill
E. olida juvenile foliage

Eucalyptus olida, also known as the Strawberry Gum, is a medium-sized tree to 20 m, restricted to sclerophyll woodlands on the Northern Tablelands of New South Wales, in Eastern Australia. The bark is fibrous in mature trees. Flowers are cream coloured and are followed by small woody capsules. The juvenile leaves are ovate (7 cm long) and dull green. Adult leaves are lanceolate and glossy green (to 17 cm).[1] The leaves are intensely aromatic and are used as a bushfood spice.

E.olida is classified as a threatened species in the wild, but is becoming more common in cultivation due to its essential oil and spice qualities.

Uses[edit]

The leaf of E.olida is distilled for its crystal-like essential oils used in flavouring and perfumery.

The leaf oil has very high levels of methyl cinnamate (98%). The oil yield is high at 2-6% fresh leaf weight.[2] Methyl cinnamate is commercially used as a natural fruit flavour and perfumery component.

E. olida leaf is also used as a dried spice product in bushfood cooking, especially with fruit; and in herbal teas. It has high anti-oxidant activity.[3] In the Australian native foods industry several trade names are used, including 'olida' and 'forestberry herb'.

Eucalyptus olida was initially wild harvested, but plantations now supply the current industry demand.

References[edit]

  1. ^ PlantNET, NSW Flora Online, Eucalyptus olida profile
  2. ^ Boland, D.J., Brophy, J.J., and A.P.N. House, Eucalyptus Leaf Oils, 1991, ISBN 0-909605-69-6
  3. ^ Zhao, J., Agboola, S., Functional Properties of Australian Bushfoods - A Report for the Rural Industries Research and Development Corporation, 2007, RIRDC Publication No 07/030 [1]

External links[edit]

  • Plant profile and cultivation [2]

Gallery[edit]