Eucharis (plant)

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Eucharis
Eucharis candida.jpg
Eucharis candida
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Amaryllidaceae
Subfamily: Amaryllidoideae
Genus: Eucharis
Planch. & Lind.
Type species
Eucharis candida
Planch. & Linden
Species

Complete list of species:[1]
Eucharis amazonica
Eucharis astrophiala
Eucharis bakeriana
Eucharis bonplandii
Eucharis bouchei
Eucharis candida
Eucharis castelnaeana
Eucharis caucana
Eucharis corynandra
Eucharis cyaneosperma
Eucharis formosa
Eucharis x grandiflora
Eucharis lehmannii
Eucharis mastersii
Eucharis moorei
Eucharis oxyandra
Eucharis plicata
Eucharis sanderi
Eucharis subedentata
Eucharis ulei

Eucharis is a genus of 15-20 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Amaryllidaceae, subfamily Amaryllidoideae,[2] native to Central America and South America, from Guatemala south to Bolivia. Some species have become naturalized in Mexico, the West Indies, Fiji, the Solomon Islands, Sri Lanka, Ascension Island, and the Society Islands.[3][4]

Description[edit]

Eucharis is a perennial with a bulb 2–6 cm (1–2 in) in diameter. The broad-stalked leaves are 20–55 cm (8–22 in) long and 10–20 cm (4–8 in) broad. The large showy white flowers are borne in an umbel of three to ten on an erect scape 40–80 cm (16–31 in) long. The flowers resemble narcissus flowers in having a prominent central cup or corona, which is sometimes tinged with green.[5]


Cultivation and uses[edit]

Eucharis amazonica and the hybrid Eucharis x grandiflora are the best-known and most generally cultivated species.

It is propagated by removing the offsets, which may be done in spring, potting them singly in 15 cm pots. It requires good loamy soil, with enough sand to keep the compost open, and should have a good supply of water. A temperature of 18° to 20°C during the night, and rising to 25°C in the day. During summer growth is to be encouraged by repotting, but the plants should afterwards be slightly rested by removal to a night temperature of about 15°C, water being withheld for a time, though they must not be left dry for too long, the plant being an evergreen. By the turn of the year they may again have more heat and more water, and this will probably induce them to flower.

With a stock of the smaller plants to start them in succession, it is possible to have plants in flower all the year round.

A hybrid has been raised between Eucharis and the allied genus Urceolina and given the hybrid name × Urceocharis.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Plant List
  2. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001 onwards), Angiosperm Phylogeny Website: Asparagales: Amaryllidoideae  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  3. ^ Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  4. ^ Meerow, Alan W. 1989. Systematics of the Amazon Lilies, Eucharis and Caliphruria (Amaryllidaceae). Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, Vol. 76, No. 1 (1989), pp. 136-220
  5. ^ Planchon, Jules Émile. 1853. Catalogue des Plantes Exotiques 8: 3.
  6. ^ "Urceocharis", World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, retrieved 2012-06-24 

External links[edit]