Euchondrus

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Euchondrus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
(unranked): clade Heterobranchia

clade Euthyneura
clade Panpulmonata
clade Eupulmonata
clade Stylommatophora
informal group Orthurethra

Superfamily: Enoidea
Family: Enidae
Genus: Euchondrus
Boettger, 1883[1]
Species

See text

Euchondrus is a genus of very small air-breathing land snails, terrestrial pulmonate gastropod mollusks in the family Enidae.

Distribution[edit]

The snails in this genus are found in Cyprus, Turkey, Syria, the Negev desert of Israel, Jordan.

Shell description[edit]

The gastropod shell of Euchondrus is 6.5-13 mm in height in Euchondrus parreyssi, that has very variable size in Euchondrus.[2] The shell is elongate with 5-7 whorls[2] and a high spire. The aperture is toothed.

Ecology[edit]

This snail species lives in open habitats, under limestone rocks in the desert.

Three species of Euchondrus in the Negev desert are noted for eating lichens growing under the surface limestone rocks and slabs (endolithic lichens).[3] They disrupt and eat the limestone.[3] Their grazing resulting in the weathering of the stones, and the subsequent formation of soil.[3] They have a significant effect on the region: the total population of snails is estimated to process between 0.7 and 1.1 metric ton per hectare per year of limestone in the Negev desert.[3]

Species[edit]

Species within the genus Euchondrus include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ Böttger O. (1883). "[Malakozoologische Mittheilungen.] II. Binnenconchylien aus Syrien". Bericht über die Thätigkeit des Offenbacher Vereins für Naturkunde 22/23: 162-176, Taf. 1.
  2. ^ a b "Species summary for Euchondrus parreyssi". AnimalBase, last modified 24 February 2009, accessed 7 September 2010.
  3. ^ a b c d Odling-Smee F. J., Laland K. N. & Feldman M. W. (2003). "Niche Construction: The Neglected Process in Evolution (MPB-37)". Princeton University Press. 468 pp. HTM, PDF. Chapter 1. page 7-8.
  4. ^ a b c d e f "Species in genus Euchondrus" [n=6]. AnimalBase, accessed 6 September 2010.

External links[edit]