Euclid, Ohio

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City of Euclid
City
Location in Cuyahoga County
Location in Cuyahoga County
City of Euclid is located in Ohio
City of Euclid
City of Euclid
Location in Ohio
Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917Coordinates: 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917
Country United States
State Ohio
County Cuyahoga
Founded 1796 [1]
Incorporated 1903 (village) [1]
  1930 (city) [1]
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Bill Cervenik (D)
 • City Council
Area[2]
 • Total 11.48 sq mi (29.73 km2)
 • Land 10.63 sq mi (27.53 km2)
 • Water 0.85 sq mi (2.20 km2)
Elevation 617 ft (188 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 48,920
 • Estimate (2012[4]) 48,281
 • Density 4,602.1/sq mi (1,776.9/km2)
  Euclidian
Demonym Euclidian
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Zip Code 44117, 44123, 44132, 44143, 44119
Area code(s) 216
FIPS code 39-25704[5]
GNIS feature ID 1072210[6]
Website cityofeuclid.com

Euclid is a city in Cuyahoga County, Ohio, United States. It is part of the Greater Cleveland Metropolitan Area, and borders Cleveland. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 48,920.[7] In 2009, Euclid celebrated its bicentennial.

History[edit]

The city was named after Euclid, the Greek mathematician.[8] The city was settled in 1796 and became a township 13 years later in 1809. Euclid became a village 94 years later in 1903, and finally became a city in 1930, during the Great Depression.

Geography[edit]

Euclid is located at 41°35′44″N 81°31′9″W / 41.59556°N 81.51917°W / 41.59556; -81.51917 (41.595563, -81.519176).[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 11.48 square miles (29.73 km2), of which, 10.63 square miles (27.53 km2) is land and 0.85 square miles (2.20 km2) is water.[2] It is directly on Lake Erie, so it contains an area of beach front along its north edge.

Bordering Euclid are Cleveland on the west, South Euclid and Richmond Heights on the south, Willowick, Wickliffe, and Willoughby Hills on the east, and Lake Erie on the north.

It is part of the Lake Erie Snowbelt region, prone to heavy wind-whipped snow squalls blowing off Lake Erie, particularly before the lake freezes over in winter.

City facts[edit]

The Charter is: Mayor and Council - 8 council people and 1 council president

Its assessed valuation is $825,325,160. 150 companies are in the city. There are two daily newspapers.

Transportation[edit]

The city contains 143.065 miles of streets; 3.06 miles of Interstate 90, 1.65 miles of south spur, 262.38 miles of sewers, 139.65 mi of water mains, 2 railroads; the CSX and Norfolk Southern Railway, and 1 bus line; Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority

Buildings[edit]

Churches: 22

Banks: 9

Hospital: 1 with 371 beds

Libraries: 1 with ~299,340 total volumes

Parks: a Memorial Park; Briardale Golf Course; Sims Park; Euclid Metropark; Wiiard Park; Hillandale Park

Pools: 1 outdoor deep pool; 4 shallow; 1 children's

Police: 1 station; 2 mini stations; 96 officers; 62 vehicles; 11 school guards; 37 auxiliary

Senior Center: 1

YMCA: 1

Fire Department: 3 stations; 76 firefighters; 19 pieces of equipment

Motels: 1

Schools: 8 public schools (1 high school, 2 junior high schools, 4 elementary schools, 1 Special Needs Education Center); 3 parochial schools; 1 charter school

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1910 1,953
1920 3,363 72.2%
1930 12,751 279.2%
1940 17,866 40.1%
1950 41,396 131.7%
1960 62,998 52.2%
1970 71,552 13.6%
1980 59,999 −16.1%
1990 54,875 −8.5%
2000 52,717 −3.9%
2010 48,920 −7.2%
Est. 2012 48,281 −1.3%
Sources:[10][11][12][13][5][14]

91.8% spoke English, 1.8% Spanish, 1.3 Croatian, 1.2% Slovene, and 0.62% Italian as their first language.[15]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 48,920 people, 22,685 households, and 12,187 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,602.1 inhabitants per square mile (1,776.9 /km2). There were 26,037 housing units at an average density of 2,449.4 per square mile (945.7 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 43.8% White, 52.6% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.

There were 22,685 households of which 27.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 20.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 46.3% were non-families. 41.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 41 years. 22.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.3% were from 25 to 44; 28.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 44.8% male and 55.2% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 52,717 people, 24,353 households, the 13,491 families residing in the city. The population density was 4,923.2 people per square mile (1,900.5/km²). There were 26,123 housing units at an average density of 2,439.6 per square mile (941.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.36% White, 30.57% African American, 0.12% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 1.64% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.

There were 24,353 households out of which 24.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 36.3% were married couples living together, 15.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.6% were non-families. 39.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.89.

In the city, the population was spread out with 22.3% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 30.7% from 25 to 44, 21.0% from 45 to 64, and 19.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 84.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,151, and the median income for a family was $45,278. Males had a median income of $35,914 versus $28,528 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,664. About 7.1% of families and 9.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.9% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable attractions/history[edit]

Euclid is the site of the 1926 case Euclid v. Ambler. The case opened the doors for municipalities across the United States to establish zoning ordinances.

  • Euclid is home to the National Cleveland-Style Polka Hall of Fame tracing Cleveland-Style Polka from its Slovenian roots.
  • Euclid is the home of Euclid High School, one of 5 schools in Ohio to split its school up via the Knowledgeworks Foundation grant. However, the program ended in 2009 due to low test score improvement and rising costs.
  • Euclid is home to the Euclid Pony Baseball League, founded in 1951. http://www.euclidpony.org
  • Euclid is the city where Charles F. Brush created the Arc Lamp in 1876[16]
  • Euclid is the home to both the main plant and corporate headquarters of the Lincoln Electric Company, Located on St. Clair Avenue.
  • Euclid is home to the annual CABA High School World Series baseball tournament. Past notable tournament players include Alex Rodriguez and Jeffrey Hammonds.
  • Euclid is home of the Softball Hall of Fame. http://www.softballmuseum.org
  • Euclid is home to sports personality and former National Football League player Mike Adamle. He is best known as the co-host of the cult-favorite American Gladiators series for seven years.
  • Euclid Beach Park was originally part of Euclid Township, until the boundaries were redrawn in the early 1900s.
  • Walk Two Moons by Sharon Creech was partly set in Euclid.
  • Euclid was home to two government owned housing projects, East 200th Street and Briardale. Both were torn down due to the federal government's failure to maintain the properties. Briardale now serves as the Municipal Golf Course, called Briardale Greens.
  • Euclid was the home town of new wave science fiction author Roger Zelazny.
  • The cordless telephone was invented in Euclid by George Sweigert in 1969.[17]
  • Euclid houses the Euclid Public Library, ranked 3rd in the nation in the 50,000 population category in 2007, and has been recognized in the Top Ten of the HAPLER Public library Ratings.
  • The 1987 Michael J. Fox movie Light of Day was partially filmed here. The opening scene pans the area from a helicopter.
  • Euclid was the home to northern Ohio's first commercial UHF television station in 1968, WKBF Channel 61, then a Kaiser owned station located on St.Clair Avenue.
  • Euclid was the original location to the corporate headquarters of Reliance Electric, Thompson Products (TRW), and Addressograph-Mulitgraph.
  • In June 2011, Lincoln Electric installed a 2.5 Megawatt wind turbine. At 443 feet, it is the largest in Ohio and one of the largest in North America.[18]
  • Home to the famed Euclid Road Machinery Company, a branch of Euclid Crane and Hoist Company. Founded by George A. Armington and his 5 sons. Taken over by General Motors, before the United States determined it to be a monopoly. In its time, it was one of the most valuable companies in Euclid and the name was known world-wide, among the earth moving and heavy equipment community.
  • As of October, 2001, Euclid is once again home to Guinness World Record Holder Perry R. Prine who on March 27, 1998 broke the Guinness Record for most bullseyes thrown (with darts) in a 10 hour period. He hit 1,432. He again broke yet another Guinness World Record with his tournament partner, Kevin Moncrief (Willowick, Ohio) on February 23, 2013 for highest score on the bulls-eye and 25's (darts) within a 2 mintute period. Perry first resided in Euclid between 1979-1986.

Transportation[edit]

  • Euclid is situated near the junction of Interstate 90, Interstate 271 and Ohio Route 2, giving easy access by car to downtown Cleveland, Lake County, and most of the East suburbs.
  • Major east-west thoroughfares include Lake Shore Blvd. (SR 283), Lakeland Freeway (I-90/SR2), St. Clair Avenue, Euclid Avenue (US 20), and Chardon Road (US 6). North-south routes include East 185th Street (aka "Old World Plaza"), East 200, East 222, Babbitt Road, East 260th/Richmond Road (SR 175), and Lloyd Road.
  • GCRTA bus routes serving Euclid include the #39 (Lakeshore), #239 (Euclid Park & Ride), #1 (St. Clair), #28 (Euclid Avenue), #37 (E. 185 / Taylor), #34 (E. 200 / Green), and #94 (E. 260/Richmond). Several of these routes were originally operated by the now-defunct Euclid Transit System, whose operations merged with the GCRTA during the late 1970s.

Ethnic groups[edit]

  • Euclid is home to a variety of ethnic groups, most notably Slovenes. There are a number of streets in Euclid that bear witness to the Slovenian influence on Euclid, including Recher, Mavec, Drenik, Grdina, Trebec, Mozina, Kapel, and Ljubljana (after Ljubljana, capital of Slovenia).
  • Euclid also contains sizeable African-American and Croatian communities.
  • Euclid city schools are about 70.6% African-American. (2007)
  • Euclid contains citizens of Irish descent and houses an Irish-American Club.

Notable people[edit]

Adjacent communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c City of Euclid: Statistics
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-01-06. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-17. 
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder2". Retrieved 2010-03-20. 
  8. ^ "Profile for Euclid, Ohio". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-06-03. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1910 U.S. Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  11. ^ "Population: Ohio". 1930 US Census. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  14. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  15. ^ http://www.mla.org/map_data_results&state_id=39&place_id=25704&cty_id=
  16. ^ http://www.ci.euclid.oh.us/about/history.cfm
  17. ^ http://www.google.com/patents/US3449750
  18. ^ http://www.cleveland.com/business/index.ssf/2011/06/post_74.html

External links[edit]