||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (January 2015)|
|Euell Theophilus Gibbons|
Gibbons circa 1960
September 8, 1911|
|Died||December 29, 1975
Sunbury Community Hospital
Cause of death
Euell Theophilus Gibbons (September 14, 1911 – December 29, 1975) was an outdoorsman and proponent of natural diets during the 1960s.
He was born in Clarksville, Texas, on September 14, 1911, and spent much of his youth in the hilly terrain of New Mexico during the dust bowl era. His mother taught him about foods available in the wild. As an adult he spent time in several states working a variety of jobs. During a stay in Hawaii from 1947 to 1951, he met and married Freda Fryer. Throughout his travels his interest in wild foods continued and he experimented with new recipes and consulted experts.
Although Gibbons longed to be a writer, he had difficulty getting published. However, capitalizing on the growing return-to-nature movement in 1962, his first book, Stalking the Wild Asparagus, became an instant success. From the cover blurb:
- A delightful book on the recognition, gathering, preparation and use of the natural health foods that grow wild all about us. The lore here can turn every field, forest, swamp, vacant lot and roadside into a health-food market with free merchandise.
Gibbons then produced the cookbooks Stalking the Blue-Eyed Scallop in 1964 and Stalking the Healthful Herbs in 1966. He was widely published in various magazines, including two pieces which appeared in National Geographic Magazine. The first article, in the July 1972 issue, described a two-week stay on an uninhabited island off the coast of Maine where Gibbons along with his wife Freda and a few family friends relied solely on the island's resources for sustenance. The second article, which appeared in the August 1973 issue, features Gibbons, along with granddaughter Colleen, grandson Mike, and daughter-in-law Patricia, stalking wild foods in four western states.
A 1974 television commercial for Post Grape-Nuts cereal featured Gibbons asking viewers "Ever eat a pine tree? Many parts are edible." While he recommended eating Grape Nuts over eating pine trees (Grape Nuts' taste "reminds me of wild hickory nuts"), the quote caught the public's imagination and fueled his celebrity status. Johnny Carson joked about sending Gibbons a "lumber-gram", and Gibbons himself joined in the humor; when presented with a wooden award plaque by Sonny and Cher, he good-naturedly took a bite out of it. (The "plaque" was actually an edible prop.)
On 6 Oct. 1973 he was satirized by John Byner on the Carol Burnett Show, shown eating tree parts.
Often mistaken for a survivalist, Gibbons was simply an advocate of nutritious but neglected plants. He typically prepared these not in the wild, but in the kitchen with abundant use of spices, butter and garnishes. Several of his books discuss what he called "wild parties": dinner parties where guests were served dishes prepared from plants gathered in the wild. His favorite recommendations included lamb's quarters, rose hips, young dandelion shoots, stinging nettle and cattails. He often pointed out that gardeners threw away the more tasty and healthy crop when they pulled such weeds as purslane and amaranth out from among their spinach plants.
He was posthumously satirized by cartoonist Scott Shaw as "You-All Gibbon - The Junk Food Monkey" in the independently published comic book "Quack!". There is also a mention of him in Larry Groce's song "Junk Food Junkie" from 1976.
Gibbons is also one of the Saints in the novel by Margaret Atwood The Year of the Flood (2009). His first and last name were also used in a pun in the short story "Dog Day Evening" written by Spider Robinson and first published in 1977. Additionally, he was referenced in a line in television show, "Gilmore Girls" (S2 E15 2002).
- Stalking the Wild Asparagus (1962)
- Stalking the Blue-Eyed Scallop (1964)
- Stalking the Healthful Herbs (1966)
- Stalking the Good Life (1966)
- Beachcomber's Handbook (1967)
- A Wild Way To Eat (1967) for the Hurricane Island Outward Bound School
- Stalking the Faraway Places (1973)
- (collected in) American Food Writing: An Anthology with Classic Recipes, ed. Molly O'Neill (Library of America, 2007) ISBN 1-59853-005-4
- Feast on a Diabetic Diet (1973)
- Euell Gibbons' Handbook of Edible Wild Plants (1979)
- "Euell Gibbons Dies at 64; Wrote Books About Natural Foods". New York Times. December 30, 1975. Retrieved 2008-03-23.
Euell Gibbons, author of books on natural foods, was pronounced dead on arrival in Sunbury Community Hospital tonight. The cause of death was not immediately disclosed. He was 64 years old.
- "Scott Shaw". Lambiek Net. Retrieved December 14, 2014.
Euell Gibbons Handbook of Edible Wild Plants. Compiled by Gordon Tuncker and Freda Gibbons published in 1979 by A Unilaw Library Book Donning Virginia Beach Norfolk
- Euell Gibbons at Find a Grave
- THE PLOWBOY INTERVIEW: EUELL GIBBONS, Mother Earth News, May–June 1972.
- Euell Gibbons Biography by John Kallas, Ph.D., Institute for the Study of Edible Wild Plants and Other Foragables. Article with Photograph
- Euell Gibbons Biography by John Sunder. The Handbook of Texas Online
- Biographical sketch (describing a week long camping by foraging trip with Euell Gibbons) appears on pages 65–118 in a section called "A Forager" in the book A Roomful of Hovings by John McPhee, 1967.
- New York Times appreciation of Euell Gibbons by John McPhee Wild Man
- Euell Gibbons Post Grape Nuts television commercial on YouTube, 1974.