Eugène Edine Pottier (1816, Paris - 1887) was a French revolutionary socialist, poet, and transport worker.
Pottier was elected a member of the Paris municipal council - the Paris Commune, in March 1871. During the Commune he wrote the poem L'Internationale which became the International Workingmen's Association anthem during its last years (1871–1876), and has been used by most socialist and leftist political internationals since.
Fifteen years after the Communards were crushed in blood by the Versaillais (1871), Eugene Pottier dedicated the following hymn to their revolution:
- On l'a tuée à coups de chassepot,
- A coups de mitrailleuse,
- Et roulée avec son drapeau
- Dans la terre argileuse.
- Et la tourbe des bourreaux gras
- Se croyait la plus forte.
- Tout ça n'empêche pas, Nicolas
- Qu'la Commune n'est pas morte.
An approximate translation of which is:
- They killed her with their chassepot,
- With their machine guns,
- And rolled her with its flag
- In the clay.
- And the mud of the fat hangmen
- thought they had prevailed.
- And with all that, Nicolas,
- The Commune is not dead.