Eugène Simon (30 April 1848 – 17 November 1924) was a French arachnologist. His many taxonomic contributions include categorizing and naming many spiders, as well as creating genera such as Anelosimus, Psellocoptus and Phlogius.
He also had an interest in hummingbirds. He described several species and races as well as creating the genera Anopetia, Stephanoxis, Haplophaedia and Taphrolesbia. He is commemorated by race simoni of the Swallow-tailed Hummingbird (Eupetomena macroura). His seminal work on hummingbirds was Histoire Naturelle des Trochilidae in 1921.
His most significant work was Histoire Naturelle des Araignées (1892-1903), an encyclopedic treatment of the spider genera of the world. It was published in two volumes of more than 1000 pages each, and the same number of drawings by Simon. Working at the Museum National in Paris, it took Simon 11 years to complete, while working at the same time on devising a taxonomic scheme that embraced the known taxa. 
Simon's works are in the public domain in both France and the United States.
- "A History of Scientific Endeavour in South Africa" - A. C. Brown (1977)
- International Society for Arachnology
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