Eugène-Maurice-Pierre Cosserat (4 March 1866 – 31 May 1931) was a French mathematician and astronomer.
Born in Amiens, he studied at the École Normale Supérieure from 1883 to 1888.
He was on Science faculty of Toulouse University from 1889 and director of its observatory from 1908, a position he held for the rest of his life. He was elected to the Académie des Sciences in 1919.
His studies included the rings and satellites of Saturn, comets and double stars, but is best remembered for work with his engineer brother François on surface mechanics, particularly problems of elasticity.
- Cosserat, E.; Cosserat, F. (1909). Théorie des Corps deformables. Paris: A, Hermann et Fils.
- Who's Who in Science, pub. Marquis Who's Who, Chicago Ill. 1968 ISBN 8379-1001-3
- J R Levy, Biography in Dictionary of Scientific Biography (New York 1970-1990)
- L Montangerand, Eloge de Cosserat, Ann. de l'Observatoire de Toulouse 10 (1933), 20-30.