Eugène Vaulot

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Eugène Vaulot
Born 1 June 1923
Paris, France
Died 2 May 1945 (1945-05-03) (aged 21)
Berlin, Germany
Allegiance Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen-SS
Years of service 1941–1945
Rank SS-Unterscharführer Collar Rank.svg SS-Unterscharführer
Unit 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French)
Battles/wars World War II

Eugène Vaulot (1 June 1923 – 2 May 1945) was a Frenchman with the rank of Unterscharführer in the Waffen-SS during World War II, who was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross.


Eugene Vaulot was born in Paris in 1923. He trained to be an electrician, then volunteered to join the Legion of French Volunteers Against Bolshevism (L.V.F.), taking part in the fighting at Lake Djukovo on the outskirts of Moscow in the winter of 1941/42.[1] He was then involved in anti-partisan duties on the central Eastern Front, before being partially disabled from wounds which forced him to leave the L.V.F. in 1943 with the rank of Obergefreiter.[1]

Not content with civilian life in 1944 he again volunteered for service, this time with the German Navy and was made a squad leader with 3rd Platoon, 4th Company, 28th Schiffstammabteilung, which would be incorporated virtually intact into the 33rd Waffen Grenadier Division of the SS Charlemagne (1st French) in the autumn of 1944.[1]


During the subsequent battles for Elsenau, Pomerania and Kolberg he was awarded the Iron Cross 1st class for his fearless and dynamic conduct.[1] Vaulot proved to be an expert at close combat and was a skilled practitioner of anti-tank warfare with hand-held weapons. He was held in high esteem by his commanding officers.[1]

During the Battle of Berlin, after Vaulot destroyed two tanks in the Neukoelln sector, he jested to his comrades that he had done so "just to get in shape for the battles yet to come."[2] In the following battles he personally destroyed another six tanks that had been advancing on the Reich Chancellery and the Führerbunker.[2][3] This deed brought him the nomination of the Knight’s Cross by SS-Brigadeführer Wilhelm Mohnke[3] which was personally bestowed upon him on 29 April 1945 by SS-Brigadeführer, Gustav Krukenberg.[2]


In the early hours of 2 May, Vaulot was part of a group comprising a few dozen SS (French, German and Scandinavian) that with the support of two Panzer Tigers' were trying to operate a retreat out of Berlin. After crossing the Tiergarten, the group met a strong Soviet resistance along the avenue to Charlottenburg. Here, according to the testimony of SS-Brigadeführer Krukenberg, Eugene Vaulot was killed in action by a Red Army sniper just two days after being awarded the Knight's Cross,[2] and a few hours before Berlin's official surrender.


  1. ^ a b c d e Richard Landwehr p. 152
  2. ^ a b c d Richard Landwehr p. 153
  3. ^ a b Thomas Fischer p. 47