Torre in 1984
|Full name||Eugenio Torre|
November 4, 1951 |
|FIDE rating||2448 (September 2014)|
|Peak rating||2580 (Jan 1983)|
Eugenio Torre (born November 4, 1951) is a chess grandmaster (GM). He is considered the strongest chess player the Philippines produced during the 1980s and 1990s. Board 1 player of the Philippines in eighteen World Chess Olympiads. In 1974, then twenty-two years old, he became Asia's first Grandmaster by winning the silver medal in the Chess Olympiad held in Nice, France. In a tournament in Manila in the 1976, Torre beat then reigning world chess champion Anatoly Karpov in a game that has become part of Filipino chess history. In 1982 he earned a spot in the World Candidates Chess Championships, where he faced the legendary Zoltan Ribli. His ELO rating reached 2602 in 1985 and in 1986 Torre was ranked 40th in the world with an ELO Rating of 2619. He served as Fischer's second in the 1992 World championship against Boris Spassky in Yugoslavia. Torre is still performing consistently as of present by winning the 2008 Pres. Gloria Macapagal Arroyo Cup, an international chess tournament. 
Torre shot to prominence in 1976 as a possible future title challenger after winning a strong four-man tournament in Manila ahead of world champion Anatoly Karpov – thus becoming the first player to finish ahead of Karpov in a tournament since the latter became world champion. "In the summer of 1976, three grandmasters traveled to Manila, Philippines to participate in the Marlboro-Loyola Kings Challenge chess tournament. They were (in order of Elo): World Champion Anatoly Karpov (2695) from the Soviet Union, Ljubomir Ljubojevic (2620) from Yugoslavia, and Walter Shawn Browne (2585) from the United States. They were joined by grandmaster Eugenio Torre (2505) from the Philippines for a double-round robin event. The average rating of the players qualified the tournament as a category XV event.
The result was surprising and momentous due to the inspired play of Torre. Not only did he defeat the world champion in the second round, but he went on to finish clear first ahead of Karpov, a feat no one had yet accomplished since the latter had become World Champion. His success in the tournament earned Torre a place in history. The final standings and crosstable are as follows:
1 Torre 4.5/6 * * 1 ½ ½ 1 1 ½
2 Karpov 3.0/6 0 ½ * * 1 ½ ½ ½
3 Ljubojevic 2.5/6 ½ 0 0 ½ * * ½ 1
4 Browne 2.0/6 0 ½ ½ ½ ½ 0 * * 
The high point of his career came in the early 1980s when he was ranked world No.17; successfully going on to qualify as a candidate for the world championship after tying for first with Lajos Portisch during the 1982 Toluca Interzonal.
Torre has the distinction of being the first Asian player to earn the title of International Grandmaster. He qualified for the Candidates Matches for the 1984 World Championship. In that preliminary stage, the contenders play matches against each other to determine who will challenge the world champion. Torre was eliminated when he lost his match against Zoltán Ribli by a score of 6–4.
After losing his quarterfinal candidates match to Ribli in 1983, Torre became disillusioned with chess and more or less went into semi-retirement. He went on to become a minor celebrity due to his daily one hour TV programme Chess Today.
Olympiads and Team Championships
From 1970 to 2010, the former business administration undergraduate from Mapúa Institute of Technology donned the national colors 20 times in the World Chess Olympiad, 19 of which were consecutively, to break the old record of 18 consecutive held by Heikki Westerinen. His 20 non-consecutive appearances tied the record set by Hungary's Lajos Portisch. During that 40-year period, he manned the top board for Team Philippines a record 17 times except in the 1970 (Siegen, Germany), 2006 (Turin, Italy) and 2010 (Khanty-Mansiysk, Russia) editions. In that stretch, Torre had played in 236 games winning 86, drawing 111 and losing 39 games for a grand total of 141½ points. The high point of his Olympiad career was winning the Bronze Medal thrice in the Individual Standings in Board 1, at the 21st Chess Olympiad (1974 Nice, France) where he went undefeated in 19 games (nine wins and ten draws) for a total of 14 points for a 73.7% performance rating; 24th Chess Olympiad (1980 Valletta, Malta) where he scored 11 points in 14 games (nine wins, four draws, and one loss) for a performance rating of 78.6% and lastly in the 27th Chess Olympiad (1986 Dubai, UAE) where he garnered 9½ points in 13 games (seven wins, five draws, and one loss) with a 73.1% performance rating.
In 1988, Torre captained the Philippine team to its best-ever seventh-place finish in the Chess Olympiad in Thessaloniki, Greece. breaking the previous high of 11th place finish at the 21st Chess Olympiad.
In 2012, Torre participated in his record 21st Olympiad appearance breaking his tie with Lajos Portisch held at Istanbul, Turkey. He manned Board 3 in this edition of the Olympiad. He scored 3.5 points in 7 games on the strength of 2 wins, 3 draws and 2 losses.
He also has taken part in six Asian Chess Team Championships (1977, 1979, 1981, 1983, 1986, 1993). Torre has an outstanding record at this tournament where he won the gold medal for his score on Board 1 in the 1977 (Auckland, New Zealand), 1979 (Singapore), 1981 (Hangzhou, China) and 1983 (New Delhi, India) events. He also won the bronze in the 1993 (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia) competition. In all six team championships, Torre manned the top board for Team Philippines.
In 2002 and 2004, Torre manned the top board once again for Team Philippines in the 13th and 14th editions of the Asian Cities Chess Championships. The 13th edition was held at Aden, Yemen and Torre scored 5½ points in nine games on the strength of three wins, five draws and one loss while Manila, Philippines hosted the 14th edition where he scored 5 points in eight games (four wins, two draws, and two losses).
In the 16th Asian Games, Torre helped the Philippines finished second behind China, beating the Indian team in the semifinals to secure the silver medal.
He also played Board 3 in the World Student Chess Team Championships in 1969 although he lost his one and only game in the said tournament.
In 2006, Torre participated in the 2nd San Marino International Chess Open where he tied for fourth through eleventh places with 6½ points in nine rounds where he eventually placed seventh after the tie-breaks becoming the highest-placed Filipino in the said tournament. He had a performance rating of 2612 at the said tournament and won €1,000 for his seventh-place finish.
In 2010, Torre competed in the 3rd Calgary International Chess Championships held at Alberta, Canada where he flashed his vintage form by finishing in a tie for second through fourth places on the strength of four wins, four draws and a solitary loss against GM Victor Mikhalevski, the tournament top seed with ELO Rating of 2614. Torre had an ELO Rating of 2506 during the said tournament.
In 2011, Torre joined two prestigious international chess championships in the Philippines, the Asian Zone 3.3 Chess Championships and the 2nd Chairman Prospero A. Pichay, Jr. Cup International Open Chess Championships. He finished in a tie for 15th–21st places in the Asian Zonals eventually placing 18th after tiebreaks (5 points out of nine games on four wins, three losses, and two draws). It was a poor finish for Torre as he had a four-game winning streak from rounds 2 to 5 after an opening round loss to FM Haridas Pascua to take the lead after five rounds but faltered in the last four rounds where he scored only 1 point (two draws and two losses). He had a low performance rating of 2344 in this tournament. In the 2nd Pichay Cup, he improved a little bit by scoring 6½ points in 10 games to finish in a tie for 11th–18th places eventually finishing in 14th place (four wins, five draws, and one loss). This is another heartbreaker as he was stalled by five draws despite losing only one game to Chinese Lu Shanglei. In this tournament he had a performance rating of 2496.
In June 2014, Torre won the prestigious National Chess Championships - Battle of GMs held at the function room of the Philippine Sports Commission in Vito Cruz, Manila. In so doing, Torre became the oldest Filipino chess player to win a national championships at the age of 62 by scoring 23 points under the Pichay-Torre system or 4.5 points under the standard system. He won the title via tiebreak over fellow GM John Paul Gomez. The tournament also served as the qualifying tournament for the 2014 Olympiad to be held in Tromso, Norway in August. This is Torre's record 22nd appearance in the Olympiad.
Head-to-head record versus World Champions
(Rapid, blitz and blindfold games not included; listed as +wins −losses =draws as of May 2, 2014.)
Players who have been undisputed World Champions in boldface
Relations with Fischer
Torre was a friend of Bobby Fischer. He worked on Fischer's team in his 1992 rematch with Boris Spassky in Yugoslavia. Much later, Torre conducted interviews on Filipino radio with Bobby Fischer. Those interviews gained notoriety for Fischer and despair for his fans. Torre was involved in 1996 when Fischer Random Chess was launched. One anecdote during this period has it that when Torre and Fischer boarded a taxi in Buenos Aires, the driver immediately recognized Torre as a chess player. As both were about to leave the taxi, the driver, not knowing who the other distinguished passenger was, asked Torre: "Whatever happened to that crazy guy Fischer?"
|This section uses algebraic notation to describe chess moves.|
Karpov vs. Torre, Sicilian Defense (B67): 1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.d4 cxd4 4.Nxd4 Nf6 5.Nc3 d6 6.Bg5 e6 7.Qd2 a6 8.0-0-0 Bd7 9.f4 b5 10.Qe1 Nxd4 11.Rxd4 Qb6 12.Rd2 Be7 13.Bd3 b4 14.Nd1 Bb5 15.Nf2 h6 16.Bh4 g5 17.fxg5 hxg5 18.Bg3 Nh5 19.Ng4 Nxg3 20.hxg3 Rxh1 21.Qxh1 Rc8 22.Kb1 Bxd3 23.cxd3 Qd4 24.Qd1 a5 25.Nh2 g4 26.Nxg4 Bg5 27.Rc2 Rxc2 28.Kxc2 a4 29.a3 b3+ 30.Kb1 d5 31.exd5 Qxd5 32.Nf2 Qxg2 33.Ne4 Be3 34.Nc3 Qc6 35.d4 Qc4 36.d5 e5 37.Qh1 Qd3+ 38.Ka1 Bd4 39.Qh8+ Kd7 40.Qa8 Qf1+ 41.Nb1 Qc4 42.Qb7+ Kd6 43.Qb8+ Kxd5 44.Qd8+ Ke6 45.Qe8+ Kf5 46.Qd7+ Kg6 47.Qg4+ Kf6 48.Nc3 Qf1+ 0–1
Awards and achievements
- Asia's first Grandmaster at the age of 22
- 1970 Philippine Junior and Adult Champion
- 1974 Nice, France Chess Olympiad, bronze medalist on Board 1 going undefeated in 19 games with 9 wins and 10 draws
- 1976 The Marlboro-Loyola Kings Challenge, Champion (becoming the first player to finish ahead of Anatoly Karpov since Karpov became world champion)
- 1977 Asian Chess Team Championships, 1st place (6 points/7)
- 1980 La Valletta, Malta Chess Olympiad, bronze medalist on board 1 scoring 11 points/14 (9 wins, 4 draws, 1 loss)
- 1983 Asian Chess Team Championships, 1st place on Board 1 (8½ points/9)
- 1986 Dubai, UAE Chess Olympiad, bronze medalist on Board 1 garnering 9½ points/13 (7 wins, 5 draws, 1 loss)
- 1993 Asian Chess Team Championships, 3rd place on Board 1 (6½ points/9)
- 2002 Philippine National Champion
- 2005 Southeast Asian Games, silver Medal (Men's Standard Team Event)
- 2005 Southeast Asian Games, bronze Medal (Men's Individual Rapid Chess)
- 2005 5th Bangkok Chess Club Open, 2nd Place (7½/9 lost in tiebreak to Ian Rogers)
- 2006 2nd San Marino International Chess Open, 7th place
- 2008 3rd President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (PGMA) Cup, Champion (7/9)
- 2010 3rd Calgary International Chess Classic, second place (6/9, tied with IMs Renier Castellanos and Edward Porper)
- 2014 National Chess Championships - Battle of GMs, Champion
- 2010 20th Appearance at Chess Olympiad equaling Lajos Portisch
- 2012 21st Appearance at Chess Olympiad held at Istanbul, Turkey, breaking his tie with Portisch
- 2014 22nd Appearance at Chess Olympiad to be held at Tromso, Norway, breaking his old record of 21 appearances
- Ranked as high as No. 17 in the world in the 1980s
- Has appeared in the Chess Olympics 20 consecutive times, equaling Portisch
- Played Board 2 for Team Philippines in the 1970 Chess Olympiad at Siegen, Germany behind International Master Renato Naranja
- In the 1972 Skopje Olympiad, he assumed the top board (Board 1) for Team Philippines, a position he held until the 2004 Olympiad held at Mallorca, Spain (a total of 17 Olympiads, a world record)
- Played Top Board in the following Olympiads: Skopje 1972, Nice 1974 (where he received his GM title and led the Philippines to a then unprecedented 11th place finish), Haifa 1976, Buenos Aires, 1978, Malta 1980, Lucerne 1982, Thessaloniki 1984, Dubai 1986, Thessaloniki 1988 (where the Philippines recorded its best finish at 7th place), Novi Sad 1990, Manila 1992, Moscow 1994, Yerevan 1996, Elista 1998, Istanbul 2000, Bled 2002 and Calvià de Mallorca 2004
- At the 2006 Olympiad at Turin, Italy, gave way to GM Mark Paragua on top board as he played Board 2 for only the second time in his entire Olympics career
- After 19 consecutive Chess Olympiads, Torre recorded 86 wins, 111 draws and 39 losses in 236 games for a total score of 141½ points, fourth over-all in Olympiad history behind Portisch (176½/260 games), Miguel Najdorf (145/222 games) and Svetozar Gligorić (142½/223 games)
- "Chess tower of power elevated to PSA Hall of Fame – INQUIRER.net, Philippine News for Filipinos". Newsinfo.inquirer.net. 2007-01-16. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "The Rise of Grandmaster Eugene Torre #1 – Chess.com". Blog.chess.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "VINTAGE TORRE SHINES IN THE 3RD CALGARY INTERNATIONAL CHESS CLASSIC". Philboxing.com. 2010-06-01. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Chess-Results Server Chess-results.com – Tournament-Database". Chess-results.com. 2011-05-30. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Chess-Results Server Chess-results.com – Tournament-Database". Chess-results.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- BlunderProne (2010-02-07). "Blunder Prone the troubled Knight – a quest in chess improvement". Blunderprone.blogspot.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- "Karpov vs. Torre". Chessgames.com. Retrieved 2011-12-03.
- Hooper, David; Whyld, Kenneth (1992), The Oxford Companion to Chess (2nd ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-280049-3
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