Eugenie Anderson

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Helen Eugenie Moore Anderson
Mrs Eugenie Anderson.gif
United States Ambassador to Denmark
In office
December 22, 1949 – January 19, 1953
President Harry S. Truman
Preceded by Josiah Marvel, Jr.
Succeeded by Robert D. Coe
United States Ambassador to Bulgaria
In office
August 3, 1962 – December 6, 1964
President John F. Kennedy
Preceded by Edward Page, Jr.
Succeeded by Nathaniel Davis
Personal details
Born (1909-05-26)May 26, 1909
Adair, Iowa
Died March 31, 1997(1997-03-31) (aged 87)
Red Wing, Minnesota
Political party Democratic Party
Spouse(s) John Pierce Anderson
Children Hans, Johanna
Profession Diplomat, Politician
Religion Methodist

Eugenie Anderson (May 26, 1909 – March 31, 1997), also known as Helen Eugenie Moore Anderson, was a United States diplomat. She is best known as the first woman appointed chief of mission at the ambassador level in US history.[1]

Personal life[edit]

Helen Eugenie Moore was born on May 26, 1909, in Adair, Iowa, one of five children of Rev. Ezekial A. Moore, a Methodist minister, and his wife, FloraBelle. She concentrated in music as a student, and attended the Juilliard School in New York; her original hope was to become a concert pianist. She was a member of the Iowa Beta Chapter of Pi Beta Phi Women's Fraternity at Simpson College. She married John Pierce Anderson in 1929 and had two children, Hans and Johanna.[1]

Public life[edit]

Interview with Eugenie Anderson from 1951

Anderson's interest in international affairs had been stirred by a trip to Europe in 1937, where in Germany she first saw a totalitarian state in action, as she recalled. On her return she spoke frequently for the League of Women Voters, fighting the strong isolationist policies of the time.[1]

Anderson helped to create the Minnesota Democratic-Farmer-Labor Party in 1944. Four years later, as one of the few women, she was elected to an office in the national Democratic Party. In 1948, as the DFL split from the national Democratic Party in a controversy over goals and ideology, she supported Hubert H. Humphrey. She was rewarded for this support in 1949, when she was appointed by President Truman as U.S. ambassador to Denmark (1949–1953).[2][3] Truman's appointment made her the first woman appointed chief of mission at the ambassador level in US history.[4] (The first female chief of mission at the minister rank was Ruth Bryan Owen in 1933).

She was later appointed by Kennedy to be ambassador to Bulgaria (1962–1964).[5] Thus Anderson became the first American woman to represent the United States in a country allied with the Soviet Union.

After her retirement from these posts, President Johnson appointed Anderson to the United Nations Trusteeship Council and a year later she served on the United Nations Committee for Decolonization.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Binder, David (1997-04-03). "Eugenie Anderson, 87, First Woman to Be U.S. Ambassador". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  2. ^ "Eugenie Moore Anderson". Eugenie Anderson Papers. Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  3. ^ "United States Department of State: Ambassadors to Denmark". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  4. ^ "Women in Diplomacy". Bureau of Resource Management, United States Department of State. November 2005. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  5. ^ "United States Department of State: Ambassadors to Bulgaria". United States Department of State. Retrieved 2008-03-31. 
  • Lamson, Peggy (1968). Few Are Chosen: American Women in Political Life Today. Boston: Houghton Mifflin. 

External links[edit]

Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Josiah Marvel, Jr.
U.S. Ambassador to Denmark
1949–1953
Succeeded by
Robert D. Coe
Preceded by
Edward Page, Jr.
U.S. Ambassador to Bulgaria
1962–1964
Succeeded by
Nathaniel Davis