José María of Manila

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José María de Manila
Sgeugeniomortera.jpg
Priest, Martyr
Born 05 September 1880
Philippines Manila, Philippines
Died August 17, 1936(1936-08-17) (aged 55)
Spain Madrid, Spain
Honored in Catholic Church
Beatified Spain 13 October 2013, Taragonna, Spain by Angelo Cardinal Amato
Major shrine Philippines Filipino Saints Gallery, Manila Cathedral
Feast 17 August
Patronage Philippines Manila

Eugenio Sanz-Orozco Mortera commonly known as José María de Manila (5 September 1880 – 17 August 1936) is a Spanish-Filipino Roman Catholic blessed, and was priest of the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin. Mortera was executed during the Spanish Civil War, that made him a Catholic icon and the 3rd Filipino blessed.

Biography[edit]

José María was born in Manila, Philippines on 5 September 1880 to Spanish parents Don Eugenio Sanz-Orozco, the last Spanish Mayor of Manila, and Doña Feliza Mortera y Camacho. He spent his initial years of education at Ateneo de Manila University, Colegio de San Juan de Letran, and University of Santo Tomas.

He stayed in the Philippines until he was 16 years old, pursuing further studies in Spain. Despite objections from his parents, according to López, José María fulfilled his desire to become a Capuchin priest. Records also showed that he had his simple profession in Lecaroz, Navarra, Spain on 4 October 1905, while his solemn profession was held 18 October 1908. He was ordained a priest on 30 November 1910. Fr. José María "remained a Filipino at heart" throughout his years in Spain, desiring to return to the Philippines to serve the local Philippine Church despite the fall of the Spanish East Indies government in 1898. Circumstances, however, prevented him, and so he resolved to zealously proclaim the Gospel in Spain, which was still suffering from poverty brought about by the First World War. There was also a growing hatred of the government and the Church for allegedly conspiring to keep the people poor. The effects of the global economic collapse of 1929 pushed the working class to their limits, and ambitious military generals took advantage of the situation by staging an uprising in July 1936. Church properties were confiscated and priests and religious were imprisoned, including Fr. Jose Maria. On 17 August 1936, Fr. Jose Maria was executed at the gardens of the Cuartel de la Montaña, a military building in Madrid.

Beatification[edit]

On 27 March 2013, Pope Francis approved the findings of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints that Fr. Jose Maria and 521 other companions were indeed killed because of their Roman Catholic Faith, clearing the way for their beatification. These twentieth-century martyrs of the religious persecution during the Spanish Civil War were beatified on 13 October 2013 in Tarragona, Spain. The Beatification Rite and Mass was presided by Angelo Cardinal Amato, SDB, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, who read the Apostolic Letter declaring the martyrs Blessed and setting their common feast day every 6 November, together with the other previously beatified Spanish Civil War martyrs.

Beatification Process[edit]

This is the Beatification Process of Jose Maria de Manila, along with his Martyrs Companion.

  • Postulator: Fra Florio Tessari, OFMCap
  • Petitioner: Fraternidad de Capuchinos, Camino del Cristo, s/n, 28048 El Pardo (Madrid), SPAIN

Martyr Companions[edit]

Here are the Martyr Companions of Eugenio Sanz-Orozco Mortera who are Franciscan Capuchins and were martyred in the Spanish Civil War. These Include:

See also[edit]

External links[edit]