Eugenio Scalfari (Italian: [euˈdʒɛnjo ˈskalfari]; born 6 April 1924 in Civitavecchia) is an Italian journalist, editor of the news magazine L'espresso (1963–1968), former member of parliament in the Italian Chamber of Deputies (1968–1972), co-founder of the newspaper La Repubblica and its editor from 1976 to 1996.
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In October 1955, jointly with Arrigo Benedetti he co-founded one of Italy's foremost newsmagazines L'Espresso with capital from the progressive industrialist Adriano Olivetti, manufacturer of Olivetti typewriters. The experienced Benedetti, who had directed the newsmagazine L'Europeo (1945–54), was the first editor-in-chief until 1963, when he handed over to Scalfari.
In January 1976 the Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso also launched the centre-left daily newspaper La Repubblica in a joint venture with Arnoldo Mondadori Editore. Scalfari became the editor-in-chief and remained so until 1996. Few believed such a venture could succeed in the already crowded Italian newspaper market, but under Scalfari’s skilful editorship La Repubblica prospered to the point of rivaling the prestigious Corriere della Sera in both sales and status as a national daily.
He remains active in both La Repubblica and L'Espresso. He has also published a number of books including l’Autunno della Repubblica (Autumn of the Republic) (1969) and the novel Il Labirinto (The Labyrinth) (1998).
As a journalist, he was especially active in investigative reporting, uncovering illegal right-wing activities and major government cover-ups. With Lino Jannuzzi he uncovered the attempted 1964 coup d'état by General Giovanni Di Lorenzo in May 1967.
In 1968, Scalfari was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies (1968–1972) as an independent aligned to the Italian Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Italiano, PSI) and handed over his post as editor to Gianni Corbi.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Eugenio Scalfari.|
- Encyclopedia of contemporary Italian culture, CRC Press, 2000, p. 747
- Encyclopedia of contemporary Italian culture, CRC Press, 2000, p. 290
- Encyclopedia of Italian literary studies, CRC Press, 2007, p. 980
- History, Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso (Retrieved January 30, 2010)
- Cento Bull, Italian Neofascism, p. 4
- "Personal information and assignments in the V Legislature". Italian Chamber of Deputies. Retrieved 2009-09-26.
- La Repubblica, 8th May, 2005
- Papa Francesco scrive a Repubblica: "Dialogo aperto con i non credenti", La Repubblica, 11 September 2013. Retrieved 12 Sept 2013
- Pope Francis tells atheists to abide by their own consciences, The Guardian, 12 Sept 2013. Retrieved 12 Sept 2013
Cento Bull, Anna (2007). Italian Neofascism: The Strategy of Tension and the Politics of Nonreconciliation, Oxford: Berghahn Books, ISBN 1-84545-335-2
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