Eulogios Kourilas Lauriotis

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Metropolitan Eulogios of Korçë
Evllogji Kurila, Eulogios Kourilas
Metropolitan of Korca
Eulogios Kourilas, Bishop of Korca (Korytsa).gif
Church Church of Constantinople, Orthodox Autocephalous Church of Albania
In office 1937-1939
Personal details
Born 1880
Ziçisht (Korçë), Ottoman Empire, now in modern Albania
Died 1961 (aged 81)
Athens, Greece

Eulogios Kourilas Lauriotis[1] or Evlogji Kurila[2] (1880–1961) was the Orthodox metropolitan bishop of Korçë (Korytsa) in Albania between 1937 and 1939, and a professor of philosophy and author on religious matters.

Life[edit]

He was born in the village of Ziçisht (Zititsa in Greek)[3][4][5] (then Ottoman Empire, today in Albania) in 1880.[6] During his youth he was attracted by ascetic and monastic ideals and joined the monastic community of Mount Athos. He graduated from the local Athonite School (1901) and the Phanar Greek Orthodox College in Istambul.[4] He continued his studies in the Philosophy department of the University of Athens, where he acquired his Ph.D. in Humanities.[7] He continued studies in Germany. Kourilas also participated in the Greek Struggle for Macedonia and during the Balkan Wars (1912–1913) he was in charge of 100 armed men, among them many priests, that fought for Greece in the area of Chalkidiki.[4]

After an agreement with the Albanian authorities, in 1937, the Ecumenical Patriarchate chose a number of highly educated religious personalities for key positions in the recently declared as autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania. Among them where Panteleimon Kotokos as metropolitan of Gjirokastër and Eulogios Kourilas as metropolitan of Korçë.[8] When the communist regime of Enver Hoxha came to power in Albania in 1945, he was declared an "enemy of the state" and was deprived from the Albanian citizenship.[9] By then he was already living in Greece where, parallel to his academic work, together with Panteleimon Kotokos became the heads of the Northern Epirus Central Committee propagating that parts of southern Albania, known among Greeks as Northern Epirus should be awarded to Greece.[10] He became professor at School of Philosophy of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki (1935–1937) and of the University of Athens (1942–1949).[11]

He donated a significant part (10,000 volumes) of his library to the University of Ioannina.[4]

He died in 1961, Stratonike, Chalkidiki.

Works[edit]

Eulogios Kourilas wrote several historical, philosophical and theological books in Greek. His main works are (titles translated from Greek):

  • History of Ascetism (1929)
  • Catalogue of Kausokalyvia codices (1930)
  • Albanian studies (1933)
  • Gregorios Argyrokastritis (1935)
  • Moschopolis and its New Academy (1935)
  • Heraclea Sacra (1942) (title in Latin)
  • Hellenism and Christianism (1944)
  • Patriarchic History (1951).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Peyfuss, Max Demeter (1976). "Die Akademia von Moschopolis und ihre Nachwirkungen im Geistesleben Sudeuropas". Wissenschaftspolitik im Mittel- und Osteuropa: Wissenschaftliche Gesellschaften, Akademien und Hochschulen im 18. und beginnenden 19. Jahrhundert (in German) (Hobbing): 114–128 [119]. ISBN 978-3-921515-00-6. "griechische Historiker und Mönch der Laura am Athos, Eulogios Kourilas Lauriotes..." 
  2. ^ His family name is cited either in its Greek form "Kourilas" or "Kurilas" or in its Albanian Form "Kurila". His first name can be found spelled "Eulogios" or "Evlogios" in Greek, "Evlogji" in Albanian, or sometimes "Eulogio" in English.
  3. ^ Εκδόσεις: Οι Αμπελώνες του Άθω. Μυλοπόταμος (Greek)
  4. ^ a b c d Μαίρη Ζαγκλή-Μπόζιου. Γενικός Κατάλογος Αρχείου. Πανεπιστήμιο Ιωαννίνων. Τμήμα Ιστορία και Αρχαιολογίας. p. 13 (Greek)
  5. ^ Encyclopedia "Papyrus-Larousse", Athens 1964, vol. 6, article "Eylogios Kourilas", in Greek language.
  6. ^ Ramet, Sabrina (1998). Nihil obstat: religion, politics, and social change in East-Central Europe and Russia. Duke University Press. p. 208. ISBN 0-8223-2070-3. 
  7. ^ Europa World of learning online. Allen & Unwin, 1950, p. 384
  8. ^ Kondis, Basil (1990). The Greeks of Northern Epirus and Greek-Albanian relations: historical review from the Greek edition : v. 3, 1922-1929-v. 4, 1930-1940. p. 41. 
  9. ^ Fahlbusch, Erwin Bromiley, Geoffrey William. The encyclopedia of Christianity (in 1999). Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 978-88-89345-04-7. ""Archbisop Panteleimon of Gjirokastër and Bishop Evlogios of Korçë (both Greeks born in Albania) fled the country, and the last links with the Patriarchate of Constantinople was broken." 
  10. ^ Tönes, Bernhard (1983). "Belastungsprobe für die albanisch-griechischen Beziehungen". Südosteuropa - Zeitschrift für Gegenwartsforschung (in German) (Südost-Institut München. Abteilung Gegenwartsforschung): 440–456 [442]. 
  11. ^ Weitzmann Kurt. Sailing with Byzantium from Europe to America: the memoirs of an art historian. Editio Maris. 1994. ISBN 978-3-925801-17-4, p. 134.

External links[edit]