Eumorpha labruscae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Gaudy Sphinx
Eumorpha labruscae sjh.JPG
Eumorpha labruscae, adult
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Sphingidae
Genus: Eumorpha
Species: E. labruscae
Binomial name
Eumorpha labruscae
(Linnaeus, 1758)[1]
Synonyms
  • Sphinx labruscae Linnaeus, 1758
  • Sphinx clotho Fabricius, 1775
  • Pholus labruscae yupanquii Kernbach, 1962

The Gaudy Sphinx (Eumorpha labruscae) is a moth in the sphingidae family, with a wingspan of 4516–434 inches (11–12 cm). Its body and dorsal forewings are a deep green color. The dorsal hindwings have purple-blue patches, yellow borders, and a red spot near the inner margin. The underside is yellow-green and gray-purple. Like most moths in the sphingidae family, caterpillars pupate in underground burrows.

Distribution[edit]

It is found from Argentina north through Central America, Mexico, and the West Indies to Florida, Mississippi, South Texas, and Arizona. Occasionally winds carry them to other places, such as to Missouri, southern Michigan, Pennsylvania, Maine, and southern Saskatchewan.

Life cycle[edit]

Female adults lay their eggs on the leaves of the host plant, mainly Grapes (Vitis), Vine (cissus), and Christmasbush (Chromolaena odorata). Caterpillars hatch and start eating. When they are ready to pupate, they climb down their host plant and burrow underground. When the pupa is ready, it wiggles to the surface just prior to eclosion. The newly emerged adults then climb on a plant or some other surface, and pump fluid into their wings to extend them. Females emit pheromones at night, and males fly into the wind to pick up and track the pheromone plume. Adults probably feed on flower nectar

Subspecies[edit]

  • Eumorpha labruscae labruscae
  • Eumorpha labruscae yupanquii (Kernbach, 1962) (Galapagos Islands)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CATE Creating a Taxonomic eScience - Sphingidae". Cate-sphingidae.org. Retrieved 2011-10-26. 

External links[edit]