Euonymus japonicus

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Euonymus japonicus
Euonyjap.jpg
Foliage of the Japanese spindle (Euonymus japonicus)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Celastrales
Family: Celastraceae
Genus: Euonymus
Species: E. japonicus
Binomial name
Euonymus japonicus
Thunb.
A variegated cultivar of Euonymus japonicus shrub in early springtime

Euonymus japonicus (evergreen spindle[1] or Japanese spindle) is a species of flowering plant in the family Celastraceae, native to Japan, Korea and China.[2] It is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 2–8 m (6 ft 7 in–26 ft 3 in) tall, with opposite, oval leaves 3–7 cm long with finely serrated margins. The flowers are inconspicuous, greenish-white, 5 mm diameter. In autumn, orange fruit hangs below the flaring pink seed coverings.

Horticultural cultivars[edit]

Euonymus japonicus is a popular ornamental plant for parks and gardens, both in its native area and also in Europe and North America. In particular the numerous cultivars which have been selected (often with variegated or yellow leaves) are widely grown in all soil types in sun or shade. Some of the more distinctive cultivars are:

  • 'Albomarginatus' - leaves green, narrowly margined white
  • 'Bravo' - green and creamy-yellow variegated leaves, upright habit
  • 'Chollipo'agm[3]
  • 'Green Spire' - evergreen columnar narrow shrub
  • 'Kathy' - green and white variegated, broad leaves, shorter growing than most
  • 'Latifolius Albomarginatus' - green leaves with broad white margin
  • 'Ovatus Aureus'agm[4]
  • 'President Gauthier' - dark green and creamy-white variegated leaves, slightly more lax habit than others

(those marked agm have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  2. ^ Phillips, R. and Rix, M., "Shrubs", Macmillan, 1994, p271
  3. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Euonymus japonicus 'Chollipo'". Retrieved 19 June 2013. 
  4. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Euonymus japonicus 'Ovatus Aureus'". Retrieved 19 June 2013.