Euops

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Euops
Euops prismae.jpg
Female Euops from New Guinea
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Coleoptera
Superfamily: Curculionoidea
Family: Attelabidae
Genus: Euops
Schönherr, 1839

Euops is a genus of the leaf-rolling weevils (family Attelabidae) containing more than 300 species. It is spread over most tropical and subtropical regions but is missing from America. The centre of its radiation is New Guinea and Australia where it is the only representative of the subfamily Attelabinae.[1]

Females of Euops have mycangia in the space between metathorax and abdomen. Leaf rolls prepared for oviposition are inoculated with spores from these mycangia. [2][3] Moreover, the leaf-rolls are treated by the female using abdominal setose brushes that in most species apply secretions of unknown function. The fungus growing on a thus treated leaf-roll does not improve its nutritional value but may play a role as an antagonist of other microbes potentially harmful to the weevil larva.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Alexander Riedel (2002). Taxonomy, phylogeny, and zoogeography of the weevil genus Euops (Insecta: Coleoptera, Curculionoidea) in the Papuan region (Ph.D. thesis). Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München. pp. 1–216. 
  2. ^ Kazuhiko Sakurai (1985). "An attelabid weevil (Euops splendida) cultivates fungi". Journal of Ethology 3 (2): 151–156. doi:10.1007/BF02350306. 
  3. ^ Y. Sawada & K. Morimoto (1986). "The mycetangia and the mode of the fungus transmission in the weevil genus Euops (Coleoptera: Attelabidae)". Scientific Bulletin of the Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University 40 (4): 197–205. 
  4. ^ Chisato Kobayashi, Yu Fukasawa, Dai Hirose & Makoto Kato (2008). "Contribution of symbiotic mycangial fungi to larval nutrition of a leaf-rolling weevil". Evolutionary Ecology 22 (6): 711–722. doi:10.1007/s10682-007-9196-2.