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Euphantus (Greek: Εὔφαντος; fl. c. 320 BCE[1]) of Olynthus was a philosopher of the Megarian school as well as an historian and tragic poet. He was the disciple of Eubulides of Miletus, and the instructor of Antigonus I Monophthalmus king of Macedonia. He wrote many tragedies, which were well received at the games. He also wrote a very highly esteemed work, On Kingship (Greek: Περὶ Βασιλείας), addressed to Antigonus, and a history of his own times. He lived to a great age.[2]

The Euphantus whose history is quoted by Athenaeus[3] must be a different person, since he mentions Ptolemy III Euergetes of Egypt, as must be the Egyptian Euphantus whose translation of an Egyptian prayer is quoted by Porphyry.[4]


  1. ^ Tiziano Dorandi, Chapter 2: Chronology, in Algra et al. (1999) The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy, page 52. Cambridge
  2. ^ Diogenes Laërtius, ii. 110, 141
  3. ^ Athenaeus, vi. 251
  4. ^ Porphyry, Abst. iv. 10