Euphorbia maculata

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Euphorbia maculata
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Euphorbia
Species: E. maculata
Binomial name
Euphorbia maculata

Euphorbia maculata (syn. Chamaesyce maculata (L.) Small, variously called spotted spurge or prostrate spurge), is an annual plant in the family Euphorbiaceae, native to North America.

It is a variably prostrate to erect plant, with stems growing along the ground up to 45 cm long, but only reaching up to 30 cm tall. The leaves are oval, up to 3 cm long, and arranged in opposite pairs. The flowers are very small, with four white petals. It grows in sunny locations and a variety of soils, and functions as a pioneer species in ecological succession. The sap of this plant is a mild skin irritant and can cause a rash in some people. The sap is poisonous and considered carcinogenic. [1] [2]


  1. ^ Candice Miller. "Plants That Cause Skin Irritation" (PDF). University of Illinois Extension. Retrieved September 18, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Prostrate spurge". CSU/Denver County Extension. Retrieved September 18, 2014.