Euphorion (Greek: Εὐφορίων, Euphoríōn) was the son of the tragedian Aeschylus and himself an author of tragedies. In the Dionysia of 431 BCE, Euphorion won 1st prize, defeating both Sophocles (who took 2nd prize) and Euripides, who took 3rd prize with a tetralogy that includes the extant play Medea. He is purported by some to have been the author of Prometheus Bound—previously assumed to be the work of his father, to whom it was attributed at the Library of Alexandria,—for several reasons, chiefly that the perspective of the playwright on Zeus is far less reverent than in other plays by Aeschylus and that references to the play appear in the plays of the comic Aristophanes, leading historians to date it as late as 415 BCE, long after Aeschylus's death. This makes him a potential fourth surviving Ancient Greek tragedian.
- Ewans, M. (2007). "Medee: Benoit Hoffman and Luigi Cherubini". Opera from the Greek: studies in the poetics of appropriation. Ashgate Publishing. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-7546-6099-6.
- Osborn, K. & Burges, D. (1998). The complete idiot's guide to classical mythology. Penguin. ISBN 978-0-02-862385-6.
- West 1990.
- For a summary of the "Zeus Problem" and the theory of an evolving Zeus, see Conacher 1980.
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