Euphrasia Eluvathingal

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Marth Euphrasia Eluvathingal (Evuprasiamma)
മാർത്ത് എവുപ്രാസ്യാമ്മ
Euphrasia Eluvathingal.JPG
Marth Euphrasia of Ollur
Born October 17, 1877
Kattoor, Thrissur District, Kerala, India Flag of India.svg
Died August 29, 1952
Ollur, Thrissur, Kerala, India
Honored in
Syro-Malabar Catholic Church
Beatified December 3, 2006, Ollur, Thrissur by Mar Varkey Vithayathil
Canonized 23 November 2014, Rome by Pope Francis
Major shrine St. Mary's Syro-Malabar Church, Ollur
Feast August 29 (Syro-Malabar)
Attributes Syrian Catholic saint

Marth Euphrasia Eluvathingal also called Saint Euphrasia Eluvathingal baptized as Rosa Eluvathingal (Malayalam: മാർത്ത് എവുപ്രാസ്യാമ്മ) (October 17, 1877 – August 29, 1952) was an Indian Carmelite nun of the Syro-Malabar Church which is an Eastern Catholic Church and a part of the Saint Thomas Christian community in Kerala. She was canonized as Saint by Pope Francis on November 23, 2014 in Vatican City.[1][2][3][4][5]

Early life[edit]

She was born as Rosa Eluvathingal on October 17, 1877 in a Syro-Malabar Catholic Nasrani family in Kattoor, Thrissur near the city of Thrissur in Kerala. Rosa was the eldest child of wealthy landowner, Cherpukaran Antony and Kunjethy Eluvathingal. She was baptized on October 25, 1877 in the Mother of Carmel Church in Edathuruthy. Her mother was a devout Syrian Catholic, who taught her to pray the rosary and to participate in the Mass. At the age of nine, Rose is said to have experienced an apparition of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which led her to make a commitment never to marry, and to commit her entire life to God.

As she grew older, Rose desired to enter the Sisters of the Mother of Carmel, who follow the Rule of the Third Order of the Discalced Carmelites. Her father opposed this as he wanted to arrange a marriage for her with the son of one of the other prosperous families in the region. Seeing her resolve, her father finally relented, and himself accompanied her to the convent. When she was ten, she entered the boarding school attached to the first indigenous Carmelite community in the Syro-Malabar Church, founded by Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara and Leopold Beccaro 1866 at Koonammavu in Ernakulam District.

Religious Life[edit]

In 1897, Mar John Menachery, the first native Bishop of Syro-Malabar Catholic Archeparchy of Thrissur, established a Carmelite Convent in Ambazakad (now belonging to the Syro-Malabar Catholic Eparchy of Irinjalakuda). On May 9, he brought all five inmates from Koonammavu who belonged to his diocese. The next day Rosa was received as a postulant, taking the name Sister Euphrasia of the Sacred Heart of Jesus and was admitted to the novitiate of the congregation on January 10, 1898. The constant ill health she experienced, however, threatened her stay in the convent, as the superiors considered dismissing her.

The bed where Euphrasia died in St Mary's convent, Ollur, Thrissur, shown in the museum.

Euphrasia is said to have had a vision of the Holy Family, at which point the illness she had long felt ceased. Euphrasia made her solemn profession on 24 May 1900, during the blessing of the newly founded St. Mary's Convent, Ollur at Ollur or Chinna Roma. After she took her perpetual vows, she was appointed assistant to the Novice Mistress. Though frail in health, Euphrasia exhibited rare moral courage, and a very high sense of responsibility and in 1904 she was soon appointed Novice Mistress of the congregation in which position she worked for nine years. In 1913 she was made Mother Superior of St. Mary's Convent, Ollur, where she was to live the rest of her life, serving as Mother Superior until 1916.

Despite these duties, she endeavored to lead a life of constant prayer and of devotion to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, becoming known by many people as the Praying Mother.[6] Mother spent much of her day in the convent chapel before the Blessed Sacrament, to which she had a strong devotion. She also nourished a great love and devotion for the Blessed Virgin Mary. Mother Euphrasia died on August 29, 1952 at the St. Mary's Convent, Ollur. Her tomb at the St. Mary's Convent, Ollur has become a pilgrimage site as miracles have been reported by some of the faithful.

Miracles[edit]

The first reported miracle by church was curing a carpenter from bone cancer. Thomas Tharakan from Anchery in Ollur, a furniture polishing worker, was diagnosed with cancer by the Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute in Thrissur. Thomas was admitted to the hospital for one week. Later before the surgery, a scan by the doctor showed no sign of tumour. But the tumour was very clear in the first scan report. Thomas' sister Rosy later acknowledged that cure was the result of her prayer to Sister Euphrasia.[7][8][9][10]

The second reported miracle happened to a 7-year-old child named Jewel from Aloor in Thrissur District. The child had a tumour in his neck which made difficult to swallow any food. Doctors at Dhanya Hospital in Potta, Thrissur District had said that this disease could not be cured. As Jewel's family is coming from a financially poor background, their only option was to pray to the almighty. After his grandmother prayed to Sister Euphrasia, the doctors noticed that his tumour was shrinking. Dr Sasikumar of Dhanya Hospital again examined him and found the tumour to have disappeared. Many doctors examined the boy and stated that it was a complete miracle.[11][12][13][14]

Canonization[edit]

Servant of God[edit]

In September 27, 1986 the process of canonization was started in Ollur. In August 13, 1987 father Lucas Vithuvatikal, CMI was appointed as the Postulator and made the oath as Postulator in the presence of Mar Joseph Kundukulam, the Metropolitan Archbishop of Thrissur on August 29, 1987 and she was declared as 'Servant of God' on that day.[15][16]

Entrance board to the Euphrasia Museum in Ollur

Venerable[edit]

Sister Perigrin was appointed as Vice-Postulator on September 9, 1987. In 1988, a Diocesan Tribunal for the Cause of Euphrasia was established by Mar Joseph Kundukulam. On January 30, 1990 the tomb of Euphrasia was opened and the mortal remains were transferred to the newly built tomb inside the chapel of St. Mary's Convent, Ollur. The Diocesan Tribunal for the apostolic miracle was established on January 8, 1999. Mar Joseph Kundukulam officially closed the Diocesan Tribunal on June 19, 1991. Her heroic virtues were submitted to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, Rome on April 20, 1994. The healing of Thomas Tharakan who was suffering from tumour ascribed to the intercessory power Euphrasia. In July 5, 2002 Pope John Paul II recognized her heroic virtue of Euphrasia and declaring her 'Venerable'.[17][18][19][20]

Blessed[edit]

She was beatified in St. Anthony's Forane Church, Ollur, Thrissur, with the declaration of the Major Archbishop, Varkey Vithayathil on behalf of the Pope Benedict XVI. Apostolic Nuncio to India Archbishop Pedro López Quintana and Archbishop Jacob Thoomkuzhy of Syro-Malabar Catholic Archeparchy of Thrissur joined 30 prelates and 500 priests for the beatification events.

Euphrasia Retreat Centre in Ollur

Saint[edit]

On April 3, 2014, Pope Francis authorised the Congregation for the Causes of Saints to promulgate the decrees concerning the miracle attributed to Euphrasia's intercession. This confirms Pope's approval of Euphrasia's canonisation. At a special mass held at St Peter's Square at Vatican City on November 23, 2014, Pope Francis declared Euphrasia as saint. Mother Sancta, Mother General of Congregation of the Mother of Carmel (CMC), carried the relics of Euphrasia to the holy altar. A large number of devotees, two cardinals, priests, and nuns from Kerala Church attended the ceremony. The Government of Kerala deputed Kerala Water Resources Minister P. J. Joseph and Kerala Rural Development Minister K. C. Joseph for the occasion. Rajya Sabha Deputy Chairman P. J. Kurien led the Indian delegation.[21][22][23][24][25]

Books[edit]

  • Garhika Sabhayude Pravachika (Malayalam) by Mother Mariam
  • Sr. Pastor, CMC, Athmadaham (Malayalam): The spirituality of the Servant of God Mother Euphrasia (Thrissur : 1998)
  • Sr. Leo, CMC, (Trans), Servant of God Mother Euphrasia (Kolazhy, Thrissur: 1998)
  • Mgr. Thomas Moothedan, A Short Life of Sr. Mariam Thresia (Mannuthy: 1977)
  • Fr. J. Ephrem, C.R., The Praying Mother. Trans. C.A. Regina (Kolazhy, Thrissur: 1999)
  • Dr. Sr. Cleopatra, CMC: The twin roses of Trichur: The servants of god Mariam Thresia and Euphrasia[26]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Canonisation of Sr Euphrasia: St Mary's Convent Basks in Spiritual Euphoria". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  2. ^ "Sister Euphrasia Eluvathingal, the "mother who prays," is Saint". AsiaNews. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  3. ^ "Two Kerala Catholics conferred sainthood by Pope Francis at Vatican". India Today. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  4. ^ "atican Confers Sainthood on Priest, Nun From Kerala". NDTV. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  5. ^ "2 Indians declared saints by Pope Francis at Vatican". Deccan Chronicle. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  6. ^ "Cured Catholic cancer patient recalls miraculous intercession of 'praying nun'". Catholic Online. Retrieved 2011-07-06. 
  7. ^ "Two miracles that made Sister Euphrasia a Saint". Manoramaonline.com. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  8. ^ "Saint Euphrasia Miracles". CMC Sisters. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  9. ^ "Sister Euphrasia Eluvathingal, the "mother who prays," is Saint". AsiaNews. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  10. ^ "All you need to know about newly canonised Saint Euphrasia and Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara". DNA India. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  11. ^ "Two miracles that made Sister Euphrasia a Saint". Manoramaonline.com. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  12. ^ "Saint Euphrasia Miracles". CMC Sisters. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  13. ^ "Sister Euphrasia Eluvathingal, the "mother who prays," is Saint". AsiaNews. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  14. ^ "All you need to know about newly canonised Saint Euphrasia and Saint Kuriakose Elias Chavara". DNA India. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  15. ^ "Pope Francis confers sainthood on Father Kuriakose Chavara and Sister Euphrasia". IBN. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  16. ^ "Indian Catholics now have three native saints". Business Standard. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  17. ^ "erala: Father Kuriakose, Sister Euphrasia conferred Sainthood by Pope Francis - See more at: http://indianexpress.com/article/india/india-others/kerala-priest-nun-conferred-sainthood-by-pope-francis/#sthash.jBw4s7XF.dpuf". Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  18. ^ "Euphrasia was living saint for the faithful". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  19. ^ "Fr Kuriakose Elias Chavara, Sister Euphrasia now saints". Mathrubhumi.com. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  20. ^ "EUPHRASIA: HER SAINTHOOD JOURNEY". CMC Sisters. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  21. ^ "India's Father Chavara, Sister Euphrasia canonised as Saints by Pope Francis". FirstPost. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  22. ^ "St Chavara and St Euphrasia mark a special sabbath for Kerala". Times of India. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  23. ^ "Pope Francis confers sainthood on Father Kuriakose Chavara and Sister Euphrasia". IBN Live. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  24. ^ "Pope Francis confers sainthood on two beatified candidates from Kerala at Vatican". DNA India. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  25. ^ "He is No Saint or Catholic, Fumes the Bishop as Kurien Goes to the Vatican". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2014-11-25. 
  26. ^ "THE TWIN ROSES OF TRICHUR: THE SERVANTS OF GOD MARIAM THRESIA AND EUPHRASIA – Dr. Sr. Cleopatra, Cmc". Mariamthresia. Retrieved 2014-11-24.