Euphrasia collina

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Euphrasia collina
Euphrasia collina.jpg
Euphrasia collina subsp. collina in Bunyip State Park
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Orobanchaceae
Genus: Euphrasia
Species: E. collina
Binomial name
Euphrasia collina
R.Br.[1]

Euphrasia collina is a perennial herb or subshrub in the genus Euphrasia.[2] Plants grow to between 5 and 60 cm high and have leaves with 1 to 6 teeth per side.The flowers may be white, blue, pink or purple, sometimes blotched with yellow on the lower petal.[2]

It occurs in South Australia, Victoria, Tasmania and New South Wales in a wide variety of habitats including woodland, heath and grasslands, from coastal to alpine areas.

Taxonomy[edit]

The species was first formerly described by botanist Robert Brown in Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae in 1810.[1] There are a number of subspecies currently recognised:[1]

  • E. collina R.Br. subsp. collina
  • E. collina subsp. diemenica (Spreng.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. diversicolor W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. glacialis (Wettst.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. gunnii (Du Rietz) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. lapidosa W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. muelleri (Wettst.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. nandewarensis W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. osbornii W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. paludosa (R.Br.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. speciosa (R.Br.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. tetragona (R.Br.) W.R.Barker
  • E. collina subsp. trichocalycina (Gand.) W.R.Barker

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Euphrasia collina". Australian Plant Name Index (APNI), IBIS database. Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research, Australian Government, Canberra. Retrieved 2009-09-01. 
  2. ^ a b "Euphrasia collina". PlantNET - New South Wales Flora Online. Royal Botanic Gardens & Domain Trust, Sydney Australia. Retrieved 2009-09-01.