Eupraxia of Kiev
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (January 2013)|
|Holy Roman Empress|
|Died||20 July 1109(aged 38)|
|Place of death||Kiev|
|Predecessor||Bertha of Savoy|
|Consort to||Henry IV|
|Father||Vsevolod I of Kiev|
Eupraxia was first married to Henry I the Long, Margrave of the Northern March, son of Lothair Udo II. They had no children before his death in 1087. Eupraxia went to live in the convent of Quedlinburg, where she met Henry IV, who was then the Saxon king. He was greatly impressed by her beauty, and, after his first wife died in December 1087, married her in 1089 in Cologne. She assumed the name Adelheid upon her coronation.
During Henry's campaigns in Italy, he took Eupraxia-Adelheid with him and kept her sequestered at Verona. She escaped in 1093 and fled to Canossa, where she sought the aid of Matilda of Tuscany, one of Henry's enemies. She met with Pope Urban II, and on his urgings Eupraxia-Adelheid made a public confession before the church Council of Piacenza. She accused Henry of holding her against her will, of forcing her to participate in orgies, and of attempting a black mass on her naked body. Those accusations were confirmed in turn by Conrad, who stated that this was the reason he turned against his father.
According to the chroniclers, Henry became involved in the Nicolaitan sect, and hosted the sect's orgies and obscene rituals in his palaces. Eupraxia-Adelheid was forced to participate in these orgies, and on one occasion Henry allegedly offered her to his son, Conrad. Conrad refused indignantly, and then revolted against his father. This black legend takes its origin from the hostility between Henry and Urban II during the Investiture Controversy.
- Vernadsky, George (1976). Kievan Rus. New Haven: Yale University Press.
- Raffensperger, Christian (2003). "Evpraksia Vsevolodovna between East and West". Russian History/Histoire Russe 30 (1–2): p. 23.
- Rüß, Hartmut (2006). "Eupraxia - Adelheid. Eine biographische Annäherung". Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas (54): pp. 481–518.
Eupraxia of Kiev
RurikovichBorn: 1071 Died: 1109
Bertha of Savoy
|Holy Roman Empress
Matilda of England