Eurasian Youth Union
|Eurasian Youth Union|
|Founded||February 26, 2005|
The Eurasian Youth Union (Russian: Евразийский союз молодёжи; ESM) is a Russian anti-European political organization, the youth wing of the Eurasia Party headed by Aleksandr Dugin. The organization has branches in several countries. The Government of Ukraine has branded the ESM as an extremist, anti-Ukrainian organization, convicted of a string of vandalism offenses and banned it in Ukraine.
According to some observers the Eurasian Youth Union was created as a reaction to the Orange Revolution in Ukraine and the role the younger generation played in it. It is suggested that ESM represents an opposition to a Ukrainian youth organization PORA.
The early-20th century Eurasianist ideology of a part of the Russian emigration and modern Neo-Eurasianism developed by Aleksandr Dugin has been declared the main ideology of the organization. Its ideology also features prominently Russian nationalism and imperialism, calls for the creation of a new Eurasian empire centered around Russia. On its website the movement declared the West and in particular the United States as its main opponent and termed it as the "main evil".
|“||Our Union has one absolute enemy. It is the USA. This is the beginning and the end of our hatred.||”|
In its internal policy the ESM supports the current government of Russia and in particular its President, Vladimir Putin. Some also claim, that the movement receives taciturn support from the Russian Government eager to see a movement opposed to a possibility of an Orange Revolution happening in Russia.
In Russia the Eurasian Youth Union has allied itself with Russian extremist organizations like the National Bolshevik Front, the DPNI and other groups of that type. It organizes and takes part in the annual Russian Marches in Russia and other countries of Eastern Europe. Very often these marches are accompanied by violence, especially in Ukraine.
The ESM took an uncompromising approach to changes that happened in Ukraine after the Orange Revolution in 2004. In particular it set up branches in several Ukrainian cities, voiced its sharp criticism of the pro-Western Ukrainian government. The ESM has been behind a string of attacks on property and organizations they deemed pro-Western. It organised attacks on several Ukrainian Security Service branches, monuments to UPA veterans and hacker attacks on the website of the President of Ukraine. The most prominent of these attacks, that received nation-wide attention was the desecration of Ukrainian state symbols on Mount Hoverla in October 2007. The other attack on Ukrainian targets was in Moscow, where several of ESM members trashed an exhibition devoted to the Holodomor, a term referring to the Ukrainian portion of the Soviet famine of 1932–33, which is believed in Ukraine to have been a Stalinist genocide targeting Ukrainians. Due to the relatively high profile of these attacks the Ukrainian police asked for assistance from Russia in finding people responsible for them, but no suspects have been apprehended yet.
The organization's vandalism and sharp anti-governmental stance received wide condemnation among Ukrainian media and provoked the response from different Ukrainian organizations of the opposite orientation; several threats were made against the organization and its members and an arson attack has been reciprocated on the ESM's offices in Moscow.
- Annual report on antisemetism and racism. The Tel-Aviv university. Retrieved July 4, 2008
- Okara, Andrey (12–18 March 2005). "The new Ukrainian Oprichnina, or what's common between «Pora», Neoeurasians, Ivan the Terrible and Yulia Tymoshenko?". Zerkalo Nedeli 9 (537). in Russian, in Ukrainian.
- "Program of the Eurasian Youth Movement Our Enemy" (in Russian).
- Umland, Andreas (16–22 December 2006). "The Neo-Eurasianism. Question of Russian fascism and Russian political discourse". Zerkalo Nedeli 48 (627). in Russian, in Ukrainian.
- Gorsky, Yuri (30 October 2007). "Russian Right-Wing March - 2005. The way it was" (in Russian). Party for Protection of Russian Constitution "RUS". Archived from the original on May 1, 2008.
- "ESM destroyed Ukrainian symbols on Hoverla" (in Ukrainian). Novynar. 18 October 2007.
- "After Hoverla ESM destroyed a Holodomor exhibition" (in Ukrainian). Ukrainska Pravda. November 17, 2007.
- "SBU singled out people responsible for Hoveral attack" (in Ukrainian). Novynar. 20 October 2007.
- "NEO-Eurasianist Alexander Dugin on the Russia-Georgia Conflict" . Central Asia-Caucasus Institute Analyst. 3 September 2008.