Main street in Eureka, 2012
Location of Eureka, Kansas
Detailed map of Eureka, Kansas
|• Total||2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)|
|• Land||2.28 sq mi (5.91 km2)|
|• Water||0 sq mi (0 km2)|
|Elevation||1,079 ft (329 m)|
|• Estimate (2012)||2,537|
|• Density||1,154.8/sq mi (445.9/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||0474640|
The first settlement at Eureka was in 1857. The first post office in Eureka was established in August 1858. Eureka was laid out in 1867, and it was incorporated in 1870. The city is named from the Greek expression Eureka, meaning "I have found it".
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Eureka has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,633 people, 1,171 households, and 663 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,154.8 inhabitants per square mile (445.9 /km2). There were 1,410 housing units at an average density of 618.4 per square mile (238.8 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 95.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.1% from other races, and 2.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.
There were 1,171 households of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.4% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.17 and the average family size was 2.86.
The median age in the city was 43.2 years. 23.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.9% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.5% were from 25 to 44; 25.5% were from 45 to 64; and 22.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.9% male and 52.1% female.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,914 people, 1,278 households, and 756 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,490.1 people per square mile (574.0/km²). There were 1,561 housing units at an average density of 798.3 per square mile (307.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.26% White, 0.14% African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.14% Asian, 0.96% from other races, and 1.72% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.64% of the population.
There were 1,278 households out of which 26.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 8.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 38.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 21.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.18 and the average family size was 2.85.
In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 22.4% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 27.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 85.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.8 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $26,410, and the median income for a family was $36,667. Males had a median income of $27,066 versus $20,870 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,142. About 9.0% of families and 14.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.4% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
- Former Attractions
- Eureka Downs, defunct horse racing facility
- Utopia College, former two-year college founded by Roger Babson
- Fort Montgomery, a frontier military fort
- Jim Brothers, noted sculptor
- John Edward Erickson, Governor of Montana, practiced law in Eureka.
- Kathy Patrick, author, founder of Pulpwood Queens book club.
- Tyrel Reed, an American basketball player who played for the University of Kansas.
- Wes Santee, (1932–2010), American middle distance runner
- Bob Whittaker, U.S. Representative from Kansas 1979 to 1991; born in Eureka.
- Reinhold Sadler, ninth Governor of Nevada; resident of Eureka.
- "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06.
- "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "2010 City Population and Housing Occupancy Status". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 27, 2011.
- Blackmar, Frank Wilson (1912). Kansas: A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc.. Standard Publishing Company. p. 599.
- "Kansas Post Offices, 1828-1961 (archive)". Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 10 June 2014.
- Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 122.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Climate Summary for Eureka, Kansas
- FAA Airport Master Record for 13K ( PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective May 31, 2012.
- "WHITTAKER, Robert Russell, (1939 - )". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- "Nevada Governor Reinhold Sadler". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 4, 2012.
- History of the State of Kansas; William G. Cutler; A.T. Andreas Publisher; 1883. (Online HTML eBook)
- Kansas : A Cyclopedia of State History, Embracing Events, Institutions, Industries, Counties, Cities, Towns, Prominent Persons, Etc; 3 Volumes; Frank W. Blackmar; Standard Publishing Co; 944 / 955 / 824 pages; 1912. (Volume1 - Download 54MB PDF eBook),(Volume2 - Download 53MB PDF eBook), (Volume3 - Download 33MB PDF eBook)
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- USD 389, local school district