Eureka, Montana

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Eureka, Montana
Town
Location of Eureka, Montana
Location of Eureka, Montana
Coordinates: 48°52′49″N 115°2′58″W / 48.88028°N 115.04944°W / 48.88028; -115.04944Coordinates: 48°52′49″N 115°2′58″W / 48.88028°N 115.04944°W / 48.88028; -115.04944
Country United States
State Montana
County Lincoln
Government
 • Mayor LeeAnn Schermerhorn
Area[1]
 • Total 1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)
 • Land 1.01 sq mi (2.62 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 2,582 ft (787 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 1,037
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 1,105
 • Density 1,026.7/sq mi (396.4/km2)
Time zone Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)
 • Summer (DST) MDT (UTC-6)
ZIP code 59917
Area code(s) 406
FIPS code 30-24850
GNIS feature ID 0783241

Eureka is a town in Lincoln County, Montana, United States. The population was 1,037 at the 2010 census.

Geography[edit]

Eureka is located at 48°52′49″N 115°2′58″W / 48.88028°N 115.04944°W / 48.88028; -115.04944 (48.880265, -115.049325),[4] approximately 66 miles (106 km) from Kalispell.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.01 square miles (2.62 km2), all of it land.[1]

History[edit]

The Town of Eureka is located on the Tobacco River in an area known as the Tobacco Valley in the United States and as the Tobacco Plains in British Columbia to the north (Eureka is about nine miles from the Canadian border). Eureka was founded in the early 1880s as settlers moved north from Missoula and south from Canada and was originally known as Deweyville. It was one of the last areas to be developed in Montana in frontier times, and logging was a major draw and source of income for decades. Eureka was once known as the "Christmas Tree Capital of the World," with evergreens shipped to many urban points for holiday sales.

The Canadian fur-trapper and explorer David Thompson visited the area in the early 19th Century during his searches for a route to the Pacific Ocean. Early explorers, finding Indians there growing a native strain of tobacco, named it the Tobacco Plains. In the late 1970s, Eurekans began a "Tobacco Valley Rendezvous" every year in April to commemorate Thompson's visit.

Eureka is home of Lincoln County High School and each August the Lincoln County Fair.

Actor John McIntire, who was reared in Eureka, and his wife, actress Jeanette Nolan, are interred at the Tobacco Valley Cemetery in Eureka.

Climate[edit]

Eureka experiences a mild microclimate, notably warmer than the nearby cities of Kalispell and Whitefish, Montana as well as Invermere and Fernie, British Columbia. Summer afternoons are hot and sunny with low humidity while winters are often cloudy but lack the extreme temperatures found nearby.

[5]

Climate data for Eureka, Montana
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 58.0
(14.4)
66.0
(18.9)
78.0
(25.6)
88.0
(31.1)
94.0
(34.4)
98.0
(36.7)
105.0
(40.6)
105.0
(40.6)
98.0
(36.7)
86.0
(30)
68.0
(20)
55.0
(12.8)
105
(41)
Average high °F (°C) 30.0
(−1.1)
38.0
(3.3)
49.0
(9.4)
60.0
(15.6)
69.0
(20.6)
76.0
(24.4)
84.0
(28.9)
84.0
(28.9)
73.0
(22.8)
58.0
(14.4)
40.0
(4.4)
31.0
(−0.6)
57.7
(14.25)
Daily mean °F (°C) 22.5
(−5.3)
27.0
(−2.8)
38.0
(3.3)
46.5
(8.1)
54.5
(12.5)
61.5
(16.4)
67.0
(19.4)
66.5
(19.2)
57.
(14)
45.5
(7.5)
33.0
(0.6)
24.5
(−4.2)
45.29
(7.39)
Average low °F (°C) 15.0
(−9.4)
20.0
(−6.7)
27.0
(−2.8)
33.0
(0.6)
40.0
(4.4)
47.0
(8.3)
50.0
(10)
49.0
(9.4)
41.0
(5)
33.0
(0.6)
26.0
(−3.3)
18.0
(−7.8)
33.3
(0.69)
Record low °F (°C) −34.0
(−36.7)
−30.0
(−34.4)
−14.0
(−25.6)
8.0
(−13.3)
22.0
(−5.6)
27.0
(−2.8)
30.0
(−1.1)
30.0
(−1.1)
18.0
(−7.8)
0.0
(−17.8)
−28.0
(−33.3)
−50.0
(−45.6)
−50.0
(−45.6)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.14
(29)
0.79
(20.1)
0.79
(20.1)
0.94
(23.9)
1.85
(47)
2.09
(53.1)
1.5
(38)
1.26
(32)
1.06
(26.9)
0.98
(24.9)
1.26
(32)
1.14
(29)
14.8
(376)
Mean monthly sunshine hours 53 75 112 139 214 262 372 307 225 135 63 41 1,998
Percent possible sunshine 19.4 25.0 30.0 33.3 45.2 53.3 76.7 70.0 60.0 41.9 23.3 16.1 41.18
Source #1: the weather channel, homefacts.com
Source #2: usclimatedata.com, dataandtime.info

Demographics[edit]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,037 people, 442 households, and 261 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,026.7 inhabitants per square mile (396.4 /km2). There were 495 housing units at an average density of 490.1 per square mile (189.2 /km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.8% White, 0.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 1.4% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.3% of the population.

There were 442 households of which 28.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.0% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.0% were non-families. 36.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 18.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.

The median age in the town was 43.3 years. 23.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 6.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.7% were from 25 to 44; 25.2% were from 45 to 64; and 23.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the town was 45.4% male and 54.6% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 1,017 people, 431 households, and 252 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,008.6 people per square mile (388.8/km²). There were 494 housing units at an average density of 489.9 per square mile (188.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 96.76% White, 1.28% Native American, 0.20% Asian, 0.59% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 1.47% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 431 households out of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.3% were non-families. 35.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.93.

In the town the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 7.8% from 18 to 24, 25.5% from 25 to 44, 24.1% from 45 to 64, and 18.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.7 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $27,120, and the median income for a family was $30,268. Males had a median income of $31,731 versus $18,214 for females. The per capita income for the town was $12,619. About 19.5% of families and 22.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 33.5% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.

FM Radio Station[edit]

Recreation[edit]

The Pacific Northwest National Scenic Trail passes through Eureka.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-03. 
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ http://www.rvwest.com/article/eureka/and_the_living_is_easy
  6. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]