Eureka, Nova Scotia
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The earliest drawing of a surveyor’s map show the location of the various grants of land made to pioneer settlers Farquhar and Alexander Falconer, Alexander MacKay, James Robertson and Charles Fraser between 1813 and 1820. As the East River settlements grew and developed, a roadway was opened to more populated town of Stellarton.
The early history of Eureka is largely the history of the Eureka Woolen Mill Company. In 1881 the company began construction of its mill buildings and machinery for processing of wool powered by water turbines in the Eureka a dam.
The mill also operated a smithy, and in 1891 construction began on a 10-mile railway from the mill's blast furnaces to the terminal on the East River. A competition was also announced for ten names for the streets laid out at the town site, with prize money of $10 awarded per street name.
in 1915 the Eureka Woolen Mills burned down. No fire department existed in Eureka until 1949.