Eureka Road

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Eureka Road
Eureka Road Wyandotte.jpg
Eureka Road in Wyandotte
Length 13.21 mi[1] (21.26 km)
West end Huron River Drive in Romulus
Major
junctions
East end Detroit River in Wyandotte

Eureka Road or Eureka Avenue is a major thoroughfare and section line road in the Downriver region of Metro Detroit in the U.S. state of Michigan. Though it is almost never referred to as such, Eureka Road corresponds to "south 9 Mile" in Detroit's Mile Road System (Detroit).

Route description[edit]

Street sign for Eureka Road in Wyandotte

The road starts out as a residential street at the Detroit River in downtown Wyandotte, running west-northwestward. A couple blocks later, Eureka Road intersects Biddle Avenue, turns due west and widens to a major commercial street with four through lanes and a left-turn lane in the center. Roosevelt High School is located on Eureka several blocks west of that point. Then, a couple blocks west of the high school, the road sinks below ground level to accommodate five viaducts, all built in 1927: the four easternmost viaducts each carry Conrail Shared Assets/Norfolk Southern and Canadian National rail lines and the fifth is currently unused, but originally carried Detroit, Monroe & Toledo Short Line Railway interurban tracks[2] until that railroad folded in the early 1930s as a result of increasing competition from automobiles as well as the effects of the Great Depression.[citation needed]

The Southgate Shopping Center (sign shown above) and Southland Center (below) are two major shopping centers located on Eureka Road.

Eureka Road's prominence continues as the road itself continues westward-both the Southgate Shopping Center and Southland Center are located on Eureka in Southgate and Taylor respectively. The original location of the Gibraltar Trade Center is also located on Eureka Road in Taylor.

West of Southland Center, the suburban sprawl on both sides of Eureka Road decreases as the area becomes more rural. This is especially evident in Romulus, where the suburban sprawl stops completely just east of Merriman Road, at this point, Eureka Road becomes a short expressway and briefly curves about a quarter-mile south along the southern edge of Detroit Metro Airport before ultimately becoming a rural two-lane road west of the Interstate 275 (I-275) interchange, ending shortly thereafter at Huron River Drive.

Expressway portion[edit]

Eureka Road becomes an expressway from just west of Merriman Road to just west of Wayne Road along the southern edge of Metro Airport in Romulus. This includes a trumpet interchange with John D. Dingell Drive, which is Metro Airport's southern entrance, providing access to the airport's McNamara Terminal. Eureka Road was first converted to an expressway at this point in the early 1990s and was extended a 14 mile (0.40 km) east from its original terminus halfway between Merriman Road and Dingell Drive in late 2002.[citation needed]

Name[edit]

Eureka Road took its name from the Eureka Iron Company, whose plant was located at the foot of the road at the Detroit River in Wyandotte in the late 19th century. The Eureka Iron Company used this road to ship supplies to the plant.[3]

Public transportation[edit]

Eureka Road is served by portions of a total of three Suburban Mobility Authority for Regional Transportation routes, all serving Southland Center: Route 125 provides half-hour service between M-85 (Fort Street) and Metro Airport seven days a week, Route 160 provides hourly service six days a week between Trenton Road in Southgate and Biddle Avenue in downtown Wyandotte and Route 275 provides weekday rush-hour service along Eureka between Southland Center and U.S. Highway 24 (US 24, Telegraph Road) in Taylor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Google Earth ruler path measurements
  2. ^ "Passenger Railroads Used to Be Popular Downriver". The News-Herald (Southgate, MI). Retrieved July 1, 2014. 
  3. ^ Gavrilovich, Peter & McGraw, Bill (2000). The Detroit Almanac: 300 Years of Life in the Motor City. Detroit: Detroit Free Press. pp. 240–8. ISBN 978-0-937247-34-1.