UEFA Euro 2020
2020 Futbol üzrə Avropa çempionatı
Чемпионат Европы по футболу 2020
Campionato europeo di calcio 2020
Europamesterskabet i fodbold 2020
Campionatul European de Fotbal 2020
Europees kampioenschap voetbal 2020
Championnat d'Europe de football 2020
|Venue(s)||13 (in 13 host cities)|
The 2020 UEFA European Football Championship, commonly referred to as Euro 2020, will be the 16th European Championship for national football teams organised by UEFA. It will be held in thirteen cities in thirteen different European countries during the middle of 2020 (with the exact date to be announced later). UEFA President Michel Platini has said that the tournament being hosted in several nations is a "romantic" one-off event to celebrate the 60th "birthday" of the European Championship competition. The winner will earn the right to participate in the 2021 FIFA Confederations Cup, which might be hosted by Qatar.
While some countries had already expressed an interest in a UEFA Euro 2020 bid on 30 June 2012, at a press conference a day before the UEFA Euro 2012 Final, UEFA President Michel Platini suggested that instead of having one host country (or joint hosting by multiple countries), Euro 2020 could be spread over "12 or 13 cities" across the continent. At the time UEFA already used a similar system for the UEFA Under-17 Championship's "Elite Round" where each of the seven groups is hosted by a different country.
Pan-European format decision
On 6 December 2012 UEFA announced that the 2020 Finals would be held in multiple cities all over Europe to mark the sixtieth anniversary of the tournament. The selection of the host cities will not mean an automatic qualifying berth is awarded to the national team of that nation.
UEFA reasoned that the pan-European staging of the tournament was the logical decision at a time of financial difficulty across Europe. Reaction to UEFA's plan was mixed across Europe. Critics have cited the expanded format (from 31 matches featuring 16 nations to 51 featuring 24) and its associated additional costs as the decisive factor for only one nation (Turkey) having put forward a serious bid.
The final list of bids was published by UEFA on 26 April 2014 with a decision on the hosts to be made by the UEFA Executive Committee on 19 September 2014. There were two bids for the Finals Package (of which one was successful, marked with blue colour for Semi-Finals and Final) and 19 bids for the Standard Package (of which 12 were successful, marked with green colour for Quarter-Finals and Group Stage, yellow colour for Round of 16 and Group Stage).
|Azerbaijan||Baku||Baku National Stadium||68,700 (under construction)||Standard Package|
|Belarus||Minsk||Traktar Stadium||16,500 (to be expanded to 33,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Belgium||Brussels||Eurostadium (proposed new national stadium)||50,000 (62,613 potentially)||Standard Package|
|Bulgaria||Sofia||Vasil Levski National Stadium||43,000 (to be expanded to 50,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Denmark||Copenhagen||Telia Parken||38,065||Standard Package|
|England||London||Wembley Stadium||90,000||Finals Package (and withdrawn Standard Package)|
|Germany||Munich||Allianz Arena||67,812 (to be expanded to 75,000)||Standard Package (and withdrawn Finals Package)|
|Hungary||Budapest||New Puskás Ferenc Stadium||56,000 (proposed new 68,000 stadium)||Standard Package|
|Ireland||Dublin||Aviva Stadium||51,700||Standard Package|
|Israel||Jerusalem||Teddy Stadium||34,000 (to be expanded to 53,000)||Rejected Standard Package|
|Italy||Rome||Stadio Olimpico||72,698||Standard Package|
|Macedonia||Skopje||Philip II Arena||33,460||Rejected Standard Package|
|Netherlands||Amsterdam||Amsterdam Arena||53,052 (to be expanded to 55-56,000)||Standard Package|
|Romania||Bucharest||Arena Națională||55,600||Standard Package|
|Russia||Saint Petersburg||New Zenit Stadium||69,500 (under construction)||Standard Package|
|Scotland||Glasgow||Hampden Park||52,063||Standard Package|
|Spain||Bilbao||San Mamés Stadium||53,332||Standard Package|
|Sweden||Solna, Stockholm||Friends Arena||50,000||Rejected Standard Package|
|Wales||Cardiff||Millennium Stadium||74,500||Rejected Standard Package|
The 13 venues were selected and announced on 19 September 2014:
- Final and Semi-finals: London (England)
- Quarter-finals and Group stage: Munich (Germany), Baku (Azerbaijan), Saint Petersburg (Russia), Rome (Italy)
- Round of 16 and Group Stage: Copenhagen (Denmark), Bucharest (Romania), Amsterdam (Netherlands), Dublin (Republic of Ireland), Bilbao (Spain), Budapest (Hungary), Brussels (Belgium), Glasgow (Scotland)
Of the selected 13 cities - 8 cities have never hosted a European Championship tournament game before - Baku, Saint Petersburg, Copenhagen, Bucharest, Dublin, Bilbao, Budapest and Glasgow. Of the selected 13 countries - 7 countries have never hosted a Euro Finals game before - Azerbaijan, Denmark, Hungary, Romania, Republic of Ireland, Russia and Scotland. Of the selected 13 stadia - only two have hosted a Euro Finals game before - the Stadio Olimpico and the Amsterdam Arena. The original Wembley stadium did host games and the final in Euro 1996 however, although on the same site, this is classified as a different stadium to the new Wembley stadium.
There will be no automatic qualifying berth, and all 54 UEFA national teams, including the 13 national teams whose countries will stage matches, will compete in the qualifiers for the 24 places at the finals tournament. As the host cities were appointed by UEFA in September 2014, before the qualifiers of UEFA Euro 2020, it is possible for the national teams from the host cities to fail to qualify for the finals tournament.
With the creation of the UEFA Nations League starting in 2018, the 2018–19 UEFA Nations League will be linked with UEFA Euro qualifying, providing teams another chance to qualify for UEFA Euro 2020. The main qualifying process will now begin in March 2019 instead of immediately in September 2018 following the 2018 FIFA World Cup, and will end in November 2019. The format will remain largely the same, although only 20 of the 24 spots for the finals tournament will be decided from the main qualifying process, leaving four spots still to be decided. The 54 teams will be drawn into 10 groups after the completion of the UEFA Nations League (six groups of five teams and four groups of six teams, with the four UEFA Nations League Final Four participants guaranteed to be drawn into groups of five teams), with the top two teams in each group qualifying. The qualifiers will be played on double matchdays in March, June, September, October and November 2019.
Each Nations League division will be allocated one of the four remaining UEFA Euro 2020 places. Four teams from each division which have not already qualified for the Euro finals will compete in the play-offs for each division, to be played in March 2020. The play-off berths will be first allocated to each pool winner, and if any of the pool winners have already qualified for the Euro finals, then to the next best ranked team of the division, etc. If in any division, there are fewer than four teams which have not already qualified for the Euro finals, the play-off berths will be allocated to the next best ranked team of the following division, etc. The winners of the play-offs for each division, to be decided by two "one-off" semi-finals (best-ranked team vs. fourth best-ranked team and second best-ranked team vs. third best-ranked team, played at home of higher-ranked teams) and one "one-off" final (venue drawn in advance between the two semi-finals winners), will join the 20 teams which have already qualified for the Euro finals. This means at least one team from each Nations League division will be guaranteed to qualify for the Euro finals.
|Year||Month||2018–19 UEFA Nations League||UEFA Euro 2020|
|June||"Final four competition"
(Semi-finals and final)
(Semi-finals and finals)
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