Europa (AK-81)

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For other ships of the same name, see USS Europa.
USAPRS Thomas F Farrell Jr.
USAPRS Thomas F. Farrell, Jr. underway off the East Coast of the United States, 26 August 1944. US National Archives photo # 80-G-420158 RG-80-G, a US Navy photo now in the collections of the US National Archives.
Career
Name: Europa, ex MV William Lester
Builder: Penn-Jersey Shipbuilding Company, Camden, New Jersey
Laid down: 2 March 1942
Launched: 7 December 1942
Acquired: By Navy uncompleted 24 November 1943 transferred to U.S. Army 25 November 1943
Renamed: by Army Thomas F. Farrell, Jr.
Struck: 6 December 1943
Fate: Scrapped, 1967
General characteristics
Class & type: Enceladus-class cargo ship
Displacement: 1,677 long tons (1,704 t) light
5,202 long tons (5,285 t) full
Length: 269 ft 10 in (82.25 m)
Beam: 42 ft 6 in (12.95 m)
Draft: 20 ft 9 in (6.32 m)
Propulsion: Diesel, single shaft, 1,300 shp (969 kW)
Speed: 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 83 officers and enlisted
Armament: 1 × 3"/50 caliber gun

Europa (AK-81)[Note 1] was never commissioned and thus never bore the USS designation.[1]

The ship was laid down 2 March 1942 as MV William Lester, a Maritime Commission type (N3-M-A1) hull, under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 464),[2] at the Penn-Jersey Shipbuilding Company of Camden, New Jersey and launched 7 December 1942.[3] Assigned to the Navy as Europa (AK-81), named for Europa,[4] the smallest of the Galilean moons of planet Jupiter, scheduled to become an Enceladus-class cargo ship. She was delivered to the Navy uncompleted 24 November 1943; transferred the next day, 25 November 1943, to the United States Army;[4] stricken from Navy lists 6 December 1943.[3]

The ship, renamed Thomas F. Farrell Jr., after an Engineering officer killed 25 February 1944 at Anzio,[5] began conversion in December, 1943 to an Engineer Port Repair ship manned by a military crew under the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.[Note 2] The ship did not complete conversion until 30 April 1944 and did not sail for Europe until late summer.[6] The ship was one of the port repair ships making it to Europe in time to assist in the restoration of ports.[7]

Thomas F. Farrell Jr. was laid up in the reserve fleet at Suisun Bay on 12 June 1947 and sold to Zidell Explorations, Inc. by Maritime Administration sale 14 April 1965 for non-transportation use.[8] The ship was scrapped in 1967.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Only USS Enceladus (AK-80) of the ten ships of the Enceladus class, composed of Maritime Commission N3-M-A1 type small cargo vessels, saw significant naval service. Of the other nine, excpting USS Hydra (AK-82), all were transferred within months or days of shipyard delivery to Navy to the Army. Hydra was transferred to Army shortly after commissioning and trials. Navy had assumed the administration of contracts for these ships from the Maritime Commission on 1 January 1943 during or before construction and thus most were only administratively Navy, including names and numbers, during construction.
  2. ^ Thomas F. Farrell Jr. was the son of Major General Thomas Francis Farrell.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Naval History and Heritage Command. "Ship Naming in the United States Navy". U.S. Navy. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  2. ^ a b T. Colton. "N-Type Coastal Cargo Ships". Merchant Ship Construction in U.S. Shipyards. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  3. ^ a b Stephen S. Roberts. "Class: ENCELADUS (AK-80)". ShipScribe. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Naval History and Heritage Command. "Europa". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Naval History and Heritage Command. Retrieved 3 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Thomas F Farrel, Jr". findagrave.com. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Coll, Blanche D.; Jean E. Keith; Herbert H. Rosenthal (1958). United States Army in World War II - The Corps of Engineers: Troops and Equipment - Chapter XVII - Preparing to Reconstruct Ports. U.S. Army Center Of Military History. pp. 391–416. LCCN 58060000. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  7. ^ Grover, David (1987). U.S. Army Ships and Watercraft of World War II. Naval Institute Press. pp. 133–137. ISBN 0-87021-766-6. LCCN 87015514. 
  8. ^ Maritime Administration. "Thomas F. Farrell Jr.". Ship History Database Vessel Status Card. U.S. Department of Transportation, Maritime Administration. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 

External links[edit]