Europa Lander

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Europa Lander
Operator Roscosmos
Mission type Orbiter/Lander
Launch date 2020s (proposed)
Launch vehicle Possible Proton M rocket with Briz-M upper stage.
Mission duration ≥ 9 years
Orbital insertion date 2024 (proposed)

The Europa Lander is a proposed orbiter/lander by the Russian Federal Space Agency designed to study the Jovian Moon system, and explore Europa.

The Europa Lander would be launched in 2020s. The probe was proposed to be part of the Europa Jupiter System Mission which would study the Jovian Moon system, and the planet Jupiter. The orbiter would perform 13 flybys of Ganymede, and 4 flybys of Callisto. The orbiter would carry up to 50 kg of scientific instruments, and the lander would carry up to 70 kg of scientific instruments.[1] If funded, the mission would be launched on top of the Proton M rocket. The mission would use parts that were designed for the Fobos-Grunt mission. The lander would research the ocean underneath the ice sheet of Europa.[2] It is also proposed to research Europa's ice sheet and atmosphere.[3] The mission concept would help confirm the former results from the Pioneer, Voyager, Galileo, and ground-based telescope observations.[4] The orbiter would do several flybys of other Jovian Moons before being put in a permanent insertion around Europa.[5]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Russian Europa Lander Concept". Future Planetary Exploration (blog). April 5, 2009. 
  2. ^ K.P. Hand (February 9–13, 2009). "Report on the Europa Lander Workshop". 
  3. ^ International Workshop “Europa lander: science goals and experiments” (9–13 February 2009) [home page]
  4. ^ International Workshop “Europa lander: science goals and experiments” (9–13 February 2009) [announcement]
  5. ^ L. Zelenyi, et al. (2009). "Europa Lander: Mission Concept and Science Goals" 4. European Planetary Science Congress. EPSC2009-615-1.