76.7% of the total Canadian population in 2011
|Regions with significant populations|
|All areas of Canada|
also Judaism, Deism, Agnostic
European Canadians are Canadian people of European origin, descent, birth, or ancestry. English Canadians (21%), French Canadians (18%) and Scottish Canadians (15%) were the three largest self-reported ancestry groups in the Canada 2001 Census.
The number of immigrants from European countries other than Britain or France increased dramatically in the first half of the 20th century, from 9% in 1901 to 20% in 1941, mostly from Northern and Western Europe in the earlier years, and Southern, Central and Eastern Europe in later years. The Canadian Immigration Act of 1952 established the rights of admission to Canada. It was amended in 1962 and again in 1966. European Canadians make up approximately 76% of the Canadian population.
Statistics Canada produces statistics about the Canadian population, including composition by ethnic self-identification. Those of European origins are divided into several subcategories: British Isles, French, Western European, Northern European, Eastern European, Southern European, and Other.
Canadians by European ethnicity or nationality
- Austrian (includes Poles. See: Partitions of Poland)
- Belgian (includes Flemish and Walloon)
- Dutch (includes Afrikaner and Flemish)
- French (includes Acadian, Québécois, Swiss, Walloon) and others
- German (includes Poles. See: Partitions of Poland)
- Italian (includes Sicilian)
- Russian (includes Poles. See: Partitions of Poland)
- "National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011". Statcan.gc.ca. 2013-05-08. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- "The Cold War and Economic Boom & Bust: 1950-1960". ucalgary.ca. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- Healey, Joseph F. (2006). Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Class: The Sociology of Group Conflict and Change. Pine Forge Press. p. 442. ISBN 1-4129-1521-X.
- Pietrobruno, Sheenagh (2006). Salsa and Its Transnational Moves. Lexington Books. p. 206. ISBN 0-7391-1468-9.
- "Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
- Resnick, Philip (2005). The European Roots Of Canadian Identity. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press. ISBN 1-55111-705-3.
- Kralt, John. "Country of Birth of Parents And Ethnic Origins - A Comparison of Reporting Patterns in the 2001 Census,"
- Magocsi, Paul R (1999). Encyclopedia of Canada's peoples. Society of Ontario, University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0-8020-2938-8.
- Haig-Brown, C.; Nock, D.A. (2006). With Good Intentions: Euro-Canadian and Aboriginal Relations in Colonial Canada. UBC Press. ISBN 0-7748-1138-2.
- Hawker, Ronald William (1991). Frederick Alexie: Euro-Canadian Discussions of a First Nations Artist 11 (2). Canadian Journal of Native Studies. pp. pp. 229–252.
- Statistics Canada (2008). Canada Year Book (CYB) annual 1867-1967. Ottawa: Federal Publications (Queen of Canada).
- Statistics Canada (October 27, 2010). Canada Year Book. Ottawa: Federal Publications (Queen of Canada). Catalogue no 11-402-XPE.