European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control
|European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control|
|Formation||March 2004 (ratified)
March 2005 (established)
|Location||Solna Municipality, Stockholm County, Sweden|
|Director||Dr Marc Sprenger|
The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is an independent agency of the European Union (EU) whose mission is to strengthen Europe's defences against infectious diseases. It was established in 2005 and is located in Solna, Sweden.
As EU economic integration and open frontiers increased, cooperation on public health issues became more important. While the idea of creating a European centre for disease control had been discussed previously by public health experts, the outbreak in 2003 of SARS and its rapid spread across country borders confirmed the urgency of the creation of an EU-wide institution for public health. ECDC was set up in record time for an EU agency: the European Commission presented draft legislation in July 2003; by the spring of 2004, ECDC’s Founding Regulation had been passed and in May 2005 the Centre became operative. The relevance of the Centre's mission was confirmed shortly after it began operating, when the arrival of H5N1 avian influenza in the EU's neighbourhood led to fears the disease could adapt or mutate into a pandemic strain of human influenza.
Organisational Structure 
The ECDC currently operates on a matrix structure based on five units:
• Office of the Chief Scientist
• Surveillance and Response Support
• Public Health Capacity and Communication
• Resource Management and Coordination
• Information and Communication Technologies
The office of the Chief Scientist comprises eight Disease Programmes, the Microbiology Coordination section and the Scientific Advice Coordination section.
The disease programmes are:
• Antimicrobial Resistance and Healthcare-associated Infections
• Emerging and Vector-borne Diseases
• Food- and Water-borne Diseases and Zoonoses
• Sexually Transmitted Infections, including HIV and Blood-borne Viruses
• Vaccine-preventable Diseases
• Health Inequalities and Migrant Health
Two shared-resource units – Surveillance and Response Support, and Public Health Capacity and Communication – provide specialist expertise. The Information and Communication Technologies Unit provides infrastructure, application development and support. The Resource Management and Coordination Unit controls ECDC’s human and financial resources.
ECDC publishes numerous scientific and technical reports covering various issues related to the prevention and control of communicable diseases. Comprehensive reports from key technical and scientific meetings are also produced by the organisation.
In March 2013, ECDC published the sixth edition of its Annual Epidemiological Report, which analyses surveillance data from 2010 and infectious disease threats detected in 2011. As well as offering an overview of the public health situation in the European Union, the report offers an indication of where greater action may be required in order to reduce the burden caused by communicable diseases. The fifth annual report, which analyses surveillance data from 2009 and public health threats detected in 2010, was published in November 2011.
Other publications from ECDC include disease surveillance reports and threat reports, as well as analyses of trends in European public health.
Eurosurveillance, a European peer-reviewed journal devoted to the epidemiology, surveillance, prevention and control of infectious diseases, has been published by ECDC since March 2007. The journal was founded in 1995 and, before its move to ECDC, was a collaborative project between the European Commission, the Institut de Veille Sanitaire (France) and the Health Protection Agency (United Kingdom). Eurosurveillance is an open-access (i.e. free) web-based journal that reports infectious disease issues from a European perspective. It publishes results from ECDC and the EU-funded surveillance networks, thereby providing the scientific community with timely access to new information. The journal is published every Thursday.
Member States 
ECDC’s network comprises the following member countries:
The 27 EU Member States: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom;
and three EEA countries: Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway
Budget and staff 
ECDC has a staff of around 300 and an annual budget of over €50 million.
See also 
- Communicable diseases
- Public health
- European programme for intervention epidemiology training (EPIET)
- Health Threat Unit