European Commissioner for Energy Union

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European Commissioner
for Energy Union
Maroš Šefčovič Senate of Poland 01.JPG
Incumbent
Maroš Šefčovič

since 1 November 2014
Appointer Jean-Claude Juncker[1]
Term length Five years
Inaugural holder Günther Oettinger
Formation 1958
Salary €19,909.89 per month[2][3]
Website European Commission

The Commissioner for Energy Union is a member of the European Commission. The current Commissioner is Maroš Šefčovič (PES).

Responsibilities[edit]

The Commissioner holds responsibility for the European Union's energy policy as well as nuclear issues (Euratom). It was previously a backwater in the Commission but has now become sought-after as the European energy policy has been developed. The Commissioner for Energy has to deal with ongoing gas disputes between Russia and Ukraine which threaten European supplies, reduce dependence on Russian energy and reduce carbon emissions.[4]

The Directorate-General serving this Commissioner is the Directorate-General for Energy, which was combined with Transport prior to 2010.

Maroš Šefčovič (incumbent)[edit]

Günther Oettinger (2010-2014)[edit]

Günther Oettinger was appointed as the new Energy Commissioner in February 2010. However he was criticised for corruption and avoidance of EU law in his home state.[5] His language skills have also been criticised[6] and his nomination was met with confusion in Brussels.[7]

Andris Piebalgs (2004–2010)[edit]

During his hearing with the European Parliament, Piebalgs stressed the importance of the environment in energy policy and was cautious of nuclear power. He received backing strong backing from the Parliament. He outlined his priorities as;[8]

  • 1. Achieving a true internal market
  • 2. Energy efficiency: everyone can make a difference
  • 3. Increase the share of renewable energy
  • 4. Increased investments in technology
  • 5. Safety and security of nuclear power
  • 6. Make it easier for Member States to help each other in energy crisis
  • 7. Developing external energy policy relations

The European Union is an active supporter of the Kyoto Protocol, which it signed alongside its member-states. In March 2007 the Union committed itself to cut CO2 emissions by 20 percent by 2020.[9] There is also a desire to reduce dependency on Russian energy supplies following the disputes between Russia and Belarus and Ukraine. (See also: Russia-Belarus energy dispute, Russia-Ukraine gas dispute.) In April 2007 five southern European countries signed a deal to build an oil pipeline from the Black Sea to Italy which will help diversify energy sources.[10]

Piebalgs head of cabinet is Andris Ķesteris, his deputy head is Christopher Jones and his spokesperson is Ferran Tarradellas.

List of commissioners[edit]

Name Country Period Commission
1 Wilhelm Haferkamp  West Germany 1967–1970 Rey Commission
2 1970–1972 Malfatti Commission
3 1972–1973 Mansholt Commission
4 Henri François Simonet  Belgium 1973–1977 Ortoli Commission
5 Guido Brunner  West Germany 1977–1981 Jenkins Commission
6 Étienne Davignon  Belgium 1981–1985 Thorn Commission
7 Nicolas Mosar  Luxembourg 1985–1989 Delors Commission I
8 Antonio Cardoso e Cunha  Portugal 1989–1993 Delors Commission II
9 Marcelino Oreja  Spain 1993–1994 Delors Commission III
10 Abel Matutes  Spain 1994–1995 Delors Commission III
11 Christos Papoutsis  Greece 1995–1999 Santer Commission
12 1999 Marín Commission
13 Loyola de Palacio  Spain 1999–2004 Prodi Commission
14 Andris Piebalgs  Latvia 2004–2010 Barroso Commission I
15 Günther Oettinger  Germany 2010–2014 Barroso Commission II
16 Maroš Šefčovič  Slovakia 2014–onwards Juncker Commission

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]