European Committee on Radiation Risk

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The European Committee on Radiation Risk (ECRR) is an informal[1] committee formed in 1997 following a meeting by the European Green Party at the European Parliament to review the Council of Europe's directive 96/29Euratom, issued in May of the previous year.[2]

First meeting[edit]

The Council of Europe directive was a wide-ranging ruling regarding the use and transport of natural and artificial radioactive materials within the European Union,[3] but the inaugural ECRR meeting concentrated on the proposal of Article 4.1.c: "...radioactive substances in the production and manufacture of consumer goods...".[2]

The EU legislators had found it convenient to incorporate the findings of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) model for assessing radiation risk from internal emitters,[3] but the ECRR challenged this and suggested that the model underestimates the risks[4] by at least a factor of 10 "while..studies relating to certain types of exposure..suggest that the error is even greater".[5] The ECRR have proposed a method of re-weighting the risk factors to take into account the biophysical properties of the particular isotopes involved.[6]

Publications[edit]

  • ECRR 2003: Recommendations of the European Committee on Radiation Risk: Health Effects of Ionising Radiation Exposure at Low Doses for Radiation Protection Purposes. Regulators' Edition Green Audit. ISBN 978-1897761243. Also available in French, ISBN 978-2876714496.
  • ECRR 2006: Chernobyl 20 Years On: the Health Effects of the Chernobyl Accident Green Audit. ISBN 978-1897761250; 2nd ed. 2009, ISBN 978-1897761151. Also available in Spanish.
  • ECRR 2010: The Health Effects of Exposure to Low Doses of Ionizing Radiation: Regulators’ Edition Green Audit. ISBN 978-1-897761-16-8, online
  • 2011: Fukushima and Health: What to Expect: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference of the European Committee on Radiation Risk, Lesvos Greece May 5/6th 2009 (Documents of the ECRR) Green Audit. ISBN 978-1897761175.

Responses[edit]

Chernobyl 20 Years On is cited in a letter by Professor Rudi H. Nussbaum from Portland State University published in Environmental Health Perspectives which challenges the accepted view of the long-term health consequences from the incident.[7]

Shortly after the 2003 Recommendations was published the United Kingdom's Health Protection Agency issued a response, in which they describe the ECRR as "...a self-styled organisation with no formal links to official bodies" and criticize its findings as "arbitrary and [without] a sound scientific basis. Furthermore, there are many misrepresentations of [the] ICRP".[8]

Membership[edit]

Alice Stewart was the first Chair of the ECRR. The Chair of the Scientific Committee is Professor Inge Schmitz-Feuerhake. Christopher Busby is Scientific Secretary.[2]

External links[edit]

  • euradcom.org, European Committee on Radiation Risk website

References[edit]

  1. ^ Blears, Hazel (4 March 2003). "Written answers: Radiation". Hansard (Parliament of the United Kingdom). ECRR is not a formal scientific advisory committee to the European Commission or to the European Parliament 
  2. ^ a b c Staff writer (2003). "Background: the ECRR". European Committee on Radiation Risk. Retrieved 2009-06-18. ...formed in 1997 following a resolution made at a conference in Strasbourg arranged by the Green Group in the European Parliament. 
  3. ^ a b Staff writers (13 May 1996). "Council Directive 96/29/EURATOM". The Council of the European Union. pp. 1; 5. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  4. ^ McRae, Don M. (2005). The Canadian yearbook of international law, 2005 Annuaire canadien de droit international, 2005. Vancouver, B.C.: Publication Centre, University of British Columbia. p. 217. ISBN 0-7748-1359-8. 
  5. ^ ECRR - CERI: The Lesvos Declaration, 6th May 2009; Retrieved 2013-03-20
  6. ^ Cancer as an Environmental Disease by P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati p. 50.
  7. ^ Nussbaum, Rudi (May 2007). "The Chernobyl Nuclear Catastrophe: Unacknowledged Health Detriment". Environmental Health Perspectives. U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2009-06-18. 
  8. ^ Staff writers (23 July 2003). "2003 Recommendations of the European Committee on Radiation Risk". Health Protection Agency. Retrieved 2009-06-18.